Berlin is the capital and since 1999 the seat of government of the Federal Republic of Germany and with over 3.6 million inhabitants the most populous city in Germany and Central Europe. Berlin is an independent federal state, completely enclosed by the Land of Brandenburg.
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Berlin is not only the political center of Germany, but also an important cultural, scientific, research and exhibition center. With more than 30 million overnight stays, Berlin is also a tourist magnet for both domestic and foreign visitors, which is becoming a growing economic factor. Although Berlin has lost its unique position as a divided Cold War city since reunification, the influx of visitors who still appreciate the wide cultural offer, the vibrant scene and, not least, the moderate prices compared to other European metropolises is uninterrupted.
Berlin is a comparatively young city. In its current expansion, it was founded 100 years ago (exactly on 1 October 1920) by the conurbation of towns older than Berlin, such as Spandau or Köpenick, from municipalities rapidly growing into cities in the 19th century, such as Charlottenburg, Schöneberg, Wilmersdorf, as well as from a total of 59 rural municipalities and 27 estate districts (sic!) on the basis of the "GrossBerlin Act". This explains Berlin's still significant decentralized structure. The joke that Berlin is not really a city, but "a collection of villages" is therefore a real core. The 20 districts founded at the time still characterize the urban structure, railway stations are named after them (e.g. "Charlottenburg", "Rathaus Steglitz"), distinctive buildings (e.g. "Town Hall Schöneberg"). The old district names are also used by many signposts in the street.
Another regional reform in 2001 divided Berlin into 12 districts. It is somewhat confusing that this territorial reform left some of the existing districts untouched (Neukölln, Reinickendorf, Spandau), while at the same time bringing together two districts into new "dash districts" and then merging three old districts into one that bears the name of one of the former districts. Berlin-Mitte and Berlin-Pankow are named after completely different regions. Each new district has between 200,000 and 400,000 inhabitants and could be a big city in itself. The districts each have several districts, which can be further divided into local areas, districts and kieze. Berliners still feel closer to their parts - so someone from Prenzlauer Berg would never say that he lives in Pankow, and a grunewalder does not live in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. Only real estate agents and hoteliers are happy to announce the last Kashemme in the Moabiter Hinterhof as Berlin-Mitte.
The old districts are often used for travel information - this travel guide is also largely based on this. The inner city areas of Mitte, Tiergarten, Charlottenburg and Westend are of particular interest for tourists, as it is home to most of the sights and museums. Prenzlauer Berg, Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg are well known for their numerous bars, restaurants and nightlife.
- center: The historic center of Berlin, between the Brandenburg Gate, Reichstag and Alexanderplatz, with the stately historic buildings of the former Prussian capital of the Empire along the magnificent Unter den Linden boulevard, the elegant Gendarmenmarkt, the world heritage of the Museumsinsel, as well as the new buildings of the present capital and the lively quarters around the Friedrichstrasse or the old barn district.
- Tiergarten: The former district of Tiergarten to the west of the historical center ranged from the opulent villas of the diplomatic district on the edge of the park of the same name, the post-war cultural temple of Philharmonic and National Gallery to the east (animal garden and Hansaviertel) to the industrial grounds and rented skate moabits to the west.
- Wedding: To the north of the historical center, the Wedding, dominated by industry and dense residential buildings, joins with its once strong labor movement, which gave it the name "Red Wedding". Today, the Wedding makes a significant contribution that Berlin is the fourth largest Turkish city.
Together, Mitte, Tiergarten and Wedding form the present district of Mitte. It is one of two urban districts, composed of former East (center) and West Berlin districts (Tiergarten and Wedding).
- Friedrichshain: Workers' district in the east of the historical center, where the GDR. later presented its capital in architectural terms (Karl-Marx-Allee) and today has a lively Kieze around the Frankfurt Gate, Boxhagener Straße, Boxhagener Platz, Simon-Dachshauer- und Warschauer Straße.
- Kreuzberg: The Kreuzberg is really there, reaching a remarkable 66 meters above sea level and towering over its surroundings by about 30 meters, enough to look over the roofs. You can cross a densely built urban area where the "Kreuzberg mixture" of living and working in the same house was formerly created. Since the 1970s, a mixture of oriental migrant workers and Swabian military service migrants developed in the shadow of the Wall and the Landwehr Canal, which established a vibrant, multicultural environment with galleries, pubs, small art, street festivals, and occasionally resisted the ongoing gentrification.
Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg today form the other eastern (Friedrichshain) and western (Kreuzberg) mixed districts.
- Prenzlauer Berg: This former working quarters along the Schönhauser, Prenzlauer and Greifswalder Allee, which was little destroyed in World War II, was in the GDR. the equivalent of Kreuzberg, a little more tiring, slightly less FDJ blue shirts, slightly longer (or lower) hair than elsewhere. Even in the GDR. elections, official approval of the National Front's candidates was sometimes 99%. Since the reorganization of the old buildings, a gentrification has been taking hold, which has erupted the former population structure of old Berlin residents, workers and alternatives. Today, it's easier to get a vegan wheat-based meat cheese than a normal shrimp or a parking lot for the SUV.
- Weissensee and
- Pankow: Once a banquet synonym for the GDR. state power (and there were indeed the gated communities of the GDR. official elite in the Majakowskiring in Niederschönhausen in the 1950s), Berlin is starting to frank north here. The rented houses are usually only three floors, even on urban corners like around the Antonplatz in Weissensee. The wide street in Pankow still reminds of the former village hunter and the further north you arrive there are large single-family houses which pass into fields.
Today, these three districts are grouped together as the Pankow district administratively.
- Charlottenburg: The village of Lietzow near the Charlottenburg castle, which was built as a Lietzenburg since the end of the 17th century, slowly grew into a small town west of Berlin, exploding since the middle of the 19th century. Since 1875, the Kurfürstendamm has been planned far from the narrow and narrow streets of Berlin's leasehold barns, a 53-meter-wide boulevard, only slightly narrower than Unter den Linden. It was beautifully built and stretched from the eastern border of Charlottenburg (now Budapester Street) to the Grunewald. In 1892, Theodor Fontane said that while the West had already built a strong desert panorama to the east. This changed quickly, Charlottenburg was the twelfth largest city in Prussia at the time of the division of Berlin and became the center of West Berlin around Zoo and Kudamm with numerous neighborhoods with a different character.
- Wilmersdorf The further west, the better the city air. This is the case throughout the western wind zone and no different in Berlin. Thus, the apartments of Schöneberg are better than Kreuzberg and Wilmersdorf than Schöneberg. The large and high flats at the Kurfürstendamm (shared by Charlottenburg and Wilmersdorf) or Schmargendorf can be reached not only via an opulent staircase to the front, but also via entrance to the side wing. There is hardly any trade left. Around Halensee and Grunewald, stately villas in shady park-like gardens follow for those who can afford it.
Since 2001 Charlottenburg and Wilmersdorf have formed a common district.
- Spandau: According to the Westwinds, the largest villas are located in Spandau in the far west of Berlin, but Spandau is not Berlin. Instead, Spandau is a microcosm with its own old town, a pedestrian zone, a citadel and everything that a city with a population as Chemnitz has. Spandau also has a large number of waters with havel and havellakes.
Spandau was big enough to survive the district reform unchanged.
- stick: Due to the good railway connections the villages such as Steglitz, Lichterfelde, Lankwitz developed into high middle class dwellings with the generous rental houses in the north of Steglitz, and further outside, especially in Lichterfelde, well-maintained villa colonies, interrupted by some commercial areas along the Teltow Canal. According to the purchasing power of the public, Schlossstraße Steglitz became a high shopping mile. In the transition area to the neighboring Dahlem there are several research institutes whose history goes back to the imperial period as well as the Botanical Gardens.
- Zehlendorf: The southwest of Berlin is green. Between Havel with its coves such as the Wannsee and a lake chain between Lake Nikolassee and the Halensee lake, which is already in Wilmersdorf, lies the Grunewald, the largest contiguous forest area in Berlin. It is a good place to stay, and the elites of the empire still built their villas here - the closer to the forest and/or one of the lakes, the more lush. The Havelinsel Schwanenwerder became a castle in the Berlin-Monopoly. Zehlendorf includes the districts of Dahlem, Nikolassee and Wannsee. In addition to the world-heritage gardens and castles, such as Glienicke and Pfaueninsel, that cross from Potsdam, numerous museums in Dahlem and, last but not least, numerous excursion venues in the district attract visitors.
Today, Steglitz and Zehlendorf are merged into the dash district of the same name.
- Schöneberg: The former village of Schöneberg was built a little later in the time of its founding as Kreuzberg. Here, too, housing and business are mixed. A special feature is the island of Schöneberg, a triangular part of the city, all of which is enclosed by railway lines and has developed its own history. A distinctive scene around Nollendorf- and Winterfeldtplatz, best served by subway partly in the basement part upstairs, S-Bahn up and buses and small shops everywhere. The green public transport vision is almost a reality here and makes Schöneberg, especially the district of Frieden, in the south-western part of the district, the preferred residential area for those who have arrived in the march by the institutions.
- temple This sounds like aviation fuel and airlift, even though Tempelhof airport is a long history and has been a long dispute over the large airfield, new city district or local recreation. After the referendum, the Tempelhofer field remains green. The district with industry along the ring road and Teltow canal and more and more settlement towards the city border with Marienfelde, Marienfelde to Lichtenrade has much suburbia and little exciting for visitors.
Today Schöneberg and Tempelhof are also merged with dash.
- Neukölln: Once the most populated district of West Berlin, Neukölln has its share in the fourth largest Turkish city, next to Wedding and Kreuzberg, on one of the most colorful markets in Berlin along the banks of the Maybacher. Once at the gates of Berlin, Rixdorf had such an unusual reputation as a leisure area that it lost its name and was renamed as Neukölln when it was conscripted. Neukölln, which marked the south-east edge of West Berlin, also has its commercial premises and dense leased skate construction, industrial eels and suburbs. The Gropiusstadt in the south-east part of Neukölln is a further attempt to solve the space problems of West Berlin by using the vertical. Despite the prominent planner, however, Gropius Town became a social center rather than a world heritage, unlike the neighboring residential complex of the Hufeisensiedlung settlement Britz. The villages of Britz, Buckov, Rudov, which have grown into small towns complete the district to the southeast.
Neukölln remained as a separate district.
- Treptow: The Treptow district extends radially in the south-east from the ring road to the city border, partly along the river Spree. This results in different dense construction, residential and industrial areas such as Adlershof, but also extensive recreational areas along the river Spree, in the Treptower Park with the former amusement park Plänterwald. The suburban and urban character of the city border is overwhelming.
- Köpenick: What Zehlendorf is in the west is Köpenick in the east - a district heavily affected by water and woodland. The river Spree and its tributary Dahr form extensive lakes, including Lake Müggelsee, the largest lake in Berlin. The Wuhlheide is a forest area, but Köpenick also has distinctive industrial areas in Schöneweide or Spindleruv Mlyn and with the former village center Köpenick with castle and town hall ("The Captain of Köpenick") his own suburban structure. A water plot in Rahnsdorf, Grünau or Schmöckwitz is not the worst address at the time, as it is today, and in Friedrichshagen it is even linked to an almost urban boulevard, the Bölschestraße.
Köpenick and Treptow are now the conjuncture district of the same name.
- Marzahn and * Hellersdorf: In the 1970s and 1980s, the new districts had only been separated into new districts to take account of the massive influx into these newly built areas in the east and north-east of Berlin, which were built on the green meadow. There are still villages such as Biesdorf, Kaulsdorf or Mahlsdorf, but in other cases there are preponderant slab settlements with a propensity for social hotspots. Some new facilities such as the world's gardens in Marzahn do little to change this.
Today, Marzahn and Hellersdorf form a common district.
- Lichtenberg: From the city of Lichtenberg it becomes increasingly village east. It is so village that in the GDR. times so many fields were covered with slab structures that Hohenschönhausen, Marzahn and later Hellersdorf were abandoned as new districts. For Lichtenberg, there remained enough disk, a tradeshow, the Tierpark Friedrichsfelde, the Central Cemetery of Friedrichsfelde with the memorial of the Socialists and the officers' casino, in which the victorious powers quoted the High Command of the Wehrmacht to record the surrender again.
The present district of Lichtenberg includes again Hohenschönhausen.
- Reinickendorf: Many visitors to Berlin may have entered Reinickendorf without really realizing this, Tegel airport is located here. Otherwise, there is the largest trabant town in the former West Berlin, a lot of suburbs, some suburbs to individual villages. But also fields, meadows and forests, which even during the period of the Wall could give an impression of loneliness.
Reinickendorf was big enough to survive as a district alone.
The city, which has been reunited since 1990, has undergone a radical transformation, especially in the eastern part of the city, with its center. Berlin has rebuilt its historical center and partly reconstructed it. The original center has revitalized. Today, the whole of Berlin is showing itself young, vibrant, multicultural and always in motion.
With over 420,000 trees - parks not included - the city is one of the greenest capital cities in Europe.
In 1307, the first ever association of Berlin took place in the cities of Cölln and Berlin. Cölln lay on the island of Spreen, where the Museumsinsel and the cathedral are now also located. Berlin was on the other side. In 1977, Spandau was first mentioned in a document, which was only consigned to Berlin in 1920. Köpenick was mentioned in 1209, Cölln in 1237 and finally Berlin in 1244.
The two important trade roads from the Elbe to the Oder and from Saxony and Bohemia crossed here. The river crossing was as narrow as anywhere else in the surrounding area. From this intersection, the whey market, Berlin could develop as a commercial city.
In the following period, the towns separated by the river Spree sought independence, bought lands and small settlements in the area, decided to merge and joined the Hanse as Berlin Cölln. Kurfürst Friedrich II (Iron Curtain), however, took the young city autonomy and made it the residence of the Hohenzollern against the will of the population. The suburbs of Spandau, Georgen and Stralauer Vorstadt as well as the Köpenicker and the Teltower Vorstadt played a major role in the supply. There were vineyards, mills, shepherds, timber markets and much more.
The 20th-year-old Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm, when he took office in 1640, sought to rearrange and reposition the city that was shattered by the Thirty Years' War. A strong army and appropriate fortifications should form the basis for this, which imposed heavy burdens on both the councils and, above all, on the subjects. Entire lands were converted, many houses demolished, the city wall passed over to the Kurfürst, new city gates and fortifications built and a moat built.
Under Frederick the Great, these plants were decorated with colonnades or torn down again. Great roads were built. An attempt was made to locate the many craftsmen needed in Berlin. The Brandenburg Gate was given its present form, which was better suited to the new self-confidence of the city than the old gate, which was more the gate of a military king.
Despite the post-1815 financial hardship, the ever-increasing population numbers urgently needed housing. Entire residential areas were rebuilt, new roads were built according to construction plans. The first railway stations for the railways, which are now becoming more important, have been built. Prussia was founded in 1871 and in 1888 the last German emperor and king of Prussia Wilhelm II climbed. the throne. The development of Berlin has now been characterized by technical inventions. Industrialization and reform replace Prussian consciousness with German national sentiment.
Until the First World War in 1914, the transport network, especially the metro, was expanded to connect the various parts of the city. The following years were characterized by deprivation. The Russian Revolution of 1917 set in motion domestic political changes that eventually led to the Republic's ouster in 1918.
The consequences of the lost war and the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles, inflation and economic crisis contributed to radicalization. In 1933, Reichstag President Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler as Chancellor. In 1936 the Third Reich staged the Olympic Games in Berlin as a propaganda event. The 1939 attack on Poland marked the beginning of the Second World War, which in 1943 led to the extensive destruction of Berlin. At the end of the war, more than 500,000 dwellings were totally destroyed and some 100,000 severely damaged. The most affected areas were the central districts of Mitte and Tiergarten (including Hansaviertel and Moabit).
After the German surrender in 1945, Berlin was occupied by the Allies and subsequently divided into four sectors. The differences in the occupying view have not allowed an agreement to be reached on monetary reform and political development, which led to the formation of two camps: East and West, with the Soviet Union on the one hand, and the Allied France, the United States, the United Kingdom on the other. The economic division and political division became definitive when the GDR. was established and the Basic Law came into force in 1949.
The two parts of East and West - characterized by the Cold War - experienced different developments. West Berlin was market-economy capitalist, even though the situation as a "front town" and the arrival of conscientious objectors and other unadapted from "West Germany" created a social climate of its own. In East Berlin, the capital of the GDR., however, socialist planned economy reigned. This led to In June 1953, the uprising was suppressed in bloody fashion, driving about a million people to flee to the West. The government replied on 13 March. In 1961, when the Wall was built, the population was prevented from entering the western part of the city. In both East and West, the housing crisis was met by the construction of large, slab-style housing estates in the 1960s and 1970s, in which hundreds of thousands of Berliners found a new home.
In 1989, the GDR. ended economically and politically; 9. The wall was opened in November 1989. In 1990, the border was lifted and on the 3rd The city and both states were reunited on October 1990. A few years later Berlin became the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany. After reunification, many older Berlin citizens moved "into the green" outside the city's borders, while there is a steady train service from Germany and abroad. In 2015, the threshold of 3.5 million inhabitants was exceeded, and the trend continues to increase. Another million live in the "Speckgürtel."
The most famous sentences in post-war history:
- Ernst Reuter: "Your peoples of the world - look at this city" (1948)
- John F. Kennedy "All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin. And therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words: I am a Berlin!" (1963)
- Ronald Reagan "Mister Gorbachev, tear down this wall!" (1987)
1 Berlin Brandenburg Airport (Willy Brandt, IATA: BER), Willy-Brandt-Platz, 12529 Schönefeld. Tel: +49 (0)30 609 16 09 10. In October 2020 the new international "Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg" (IATA code: BER) was opened in the immediate vicinity of the former Schönefeld airport. Tegel Airport was closed on November 8th. Whether the Schönefeld terminal will be closed is still open, as the new BER will not have sufficient handling capacity.
- Berlin Brandenburg Airport can be reached by train or bus.
At the main terminal there is the station "Airport BER - Terminal 1-2", from where the regional lines
- FEX (Berlin-Ostkreuz, Berlin-Healthbrunnen, to Berlin Hamburg from 3:30 - 23:30 every 30 minutes),
- RE 7 according to wishes-dorf-Waldstadt, Berlin-Ostkreuz, Berlin-Alexanderplatz, Berlin-Friedrichstraße, Berlin Hbf, Berlin-Zoo and Dessau,
- RB 14 to Berlin-Ostkreuz, Berlin-Alexanderplatz, Berlin-Friedrichstraße, Berlin Hbf, Berlin-Zoo, Berlin-Spandau and Nauen,
- RB 22 according to King Wusterhausen and Potsdam
- S9 via Airport BER Terminal 5 (Schönefeld) to Schöneweide, Ostbahnhof, Alexanderplatz, Friedrichstraße, Hauptbahnhof, Zoo and Spandau, as well as
- S45 via Airport BER Terminal 5 (Schönefeld) to Schöneweide, Neukölln and Südkreuz.
Lines X7 and X71 every 5 minutes after Rudow (connection to the U7), X71 even further to Alt-Mariendorf (connection to the U6).
There is also a chargeable "Airport Shuttle", which is supposed to offer more space for luggage, a line from BER1 to City Hall Steglitz (+8€) (hourly) and a line from BER2 via Stahlsdorf and Teltow to Potsdam (+6€) (every 60 to 90 minutes).
- 2 Berlin Central Station, European Headquarters 1, 10557 Berlin. Opened: 24-7.
In 2006, the main railway station opened in 2006 and trains from the north, west and south intersection in the basement. All ICEs, ICs and regional express trains stop here, as well as the East-West S-Bahn. You can reach Berlin by long-distance transport hourly with ICEs from the directions Cologne/Düsseldorf (via Ruhrgebiet and Hannover), Frankfurt/Main, Munich (via Leipzig/Halle) and Hamburg, two hours from Stuttgart or Basel. IC/EC connections are available in two-hour intervals from Prague (via Dresden) and Amsterdam. Only once or a few times a day there are direct connections to/from Emden, Münster and Warsaw (via Poznan). City-Ticket long-distance tickets are also valid for public transport within the S-Bahn ring (zone A).
In addition to the long-distance trains of the Deutsche Bahn, the private Flixtrain is also available. Night train connections (with sleeping cars or loungers) are available daily with the ÖBB-Nightjet from/to Zurich (Basel, Freiburg i. You can also visit Vienna via Wroclaw. Only during the summer season there is a night train service between Berlin and Malmö.
Regional lines lead to Berlin from all parts of Brandenburg as well as from Magdeburg, Dessau, Wismar, Schwerin, Rostock and Stralsund. The Interregio Express from Hamburg (via Lüneburg) is a regional train and can be used with the relevant local transport services.
- The main train station is connected to the following lines of public transport: S3, S5, S7, S9, U55, tram M5, M8 and M10, bus M41, M85, TXL, 120, 123, 142, 147, 245, night bus N20, N40 and M41.
- The main railway station is not fully recommended for people with mobility restrictions. Depending on the downhill track, several levels have to be crossed, for which you have to find the right elevator. escalators do not go to the long-distance traffic tracks in the lower floor. The platforms on the top level also have narrowly defined congestion points above the station hall, where the platform is very narrow. If you want to pass by with scooters and luggage or even with young children while the train is already arriving, you will quickly get stuck in the crowd and have no alternative. It is therefore important that disabled people or single parents with young children use the railway’s mobility service at the entrance, exit or change of train at the main station (0)180 6 512 or [email protected]).
- 3 Berlin-Spandau railway station, Seegefelder Straße 1, 13597 Berlin. ICE from Hamburg, Hannover, Frankfurt and Munich, IC from Amsterdam, RE from Wismar, Rathenow, Pritzwalk, Cottbus and Ludwigsfelde, RB from Nauen, Wustermark and Airport Schönefeld. The Rathaus Spandau terminal on the subway U7 is just outside the door. The train station is opposite the Spandau Town Hall and the Old Town of Spandau.
- 4 Berlin Station, Berlin, 1-3, 13357 Berlin. ICE trains are used in the direction of Munich and Stuttgart in Berlin-health fountains. Passengers who do not have a ticket can consider boarding here. They usually do not save time, but they have the chance to get a seat that has not yet been allocated, the trains only fill up at the main station. Furthermore, there are regional trains going in the direction of Stralsund, Rostock, Schwedt, Szczecin and Wittenberge respectively Falkenberg, Wittenberg, Elsterwerda towards the south.
- The Berlin-health fountain railway station is connected to the lines S1, S2, S25, S26, S41, S42, U8, 247 and N8.
- 5 Ostbahnhof, Koppenstraße 3, 10243 Berlin. Characteristics: .
- The Ostbahnhof railway station is connected to the S3, S5, S7, S9 and bus lines 140, 142, 147, 240, 248, 347 and N40
- People with mobility restrictions should use the eastern station as far as possible to get there, as it is more transparent and quiet; Furthermore, the long-distance platforms are always wide enough and it is usually more time to get in and out, as at least the trains to the south and west are only used here and usually start a few minutes earlier.
- 6 Berlin Südkreuz train station, General-Pape-Strasse 1, 12101 Berlin.
- The train station Südkreuz is connected to the following lines: S2, S25, S26, S41, S42, S45, S46 and bus lines M46, 106, 184, 204 and 248
- 7 Berlin Lichtenberg railway station, Weitlingstraße 22, 10317 Berlin.
- Lichtenberg was the main railway station in the former GDR. Today only trains from Poland and regional trains stop here.
- It is connected to the lines S5, S7, S75, U5 downtown, trams 21 and 37, buses 108, 240, 256, 296, N5, N50, N94
The zoologischer Garten, Charlottenburg, Friedrichstraße, Alexanderplatz, Potsdamer Platz, Lichterfelde-Ost, Wannsee and Jungfernheide stations are also important in regional traffic.
When traveling by public transport, the cross-country ticket valid throughout Germany is a cost-effective alternative. The cross-country ticket is also valid on local trains and S-Bahn trains in Berlin (not in the subway, tram and bus), valid Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 3 a.m. the following day, Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 0 a.m. to 3 a.m. the following day.
The "Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld" railway station located south of the city limits is renamed "Schönefeld" at the opening of the new airport and the route is extended to "Flughafen Berlin-Brandenburg".
Several companies offer bus connections to Berlin, which usually end at the Central Bus Station (ZOB) at the Funkturm.
- 8 Central bus station Berlin (ZOB). Tel: +49 (0)30 30 10 01 75, Fax: +49 (0)30 30 10 02 44, e-mail: [email protected].
- Local connections by bus A05, 139, 218, M49, X34 and X49, the S-Bahn station "Messe-Nord/ICC" (S41, S42, S46) and the underground station "Kaiserdamm" (U2)
There are also bus stops at the airports Tegel, Schönefeld, the S-Bahn stations Ahrensfelde, Alexanderplatz, Ostbahnhof, Pankow-Heinersdorf, Südkreuz, Treptower Park, Wannsee, Zoologischer Garten and the Tegel metro station.
- Search for bus routes.de Search for connections, timetable and fares
On the street
Around Berlin there is the outer ring of the motorway, the Berlin Ring, which is mostly outside the city limits. From there, some motorway shuttles lead to or near the city motorway, in parts an inner city ring ( ), which forms a semi-circle from the northwest to the southeast.
- from the Oranienburg motorway triangle to the north at the Triangle of Charlottenburg
- from the Schönefelder Kreuz in the south-east to at the Neukölln triangle
- from the Pankow triangle in the north-east to Pankow-Heinersdorf
- from the Autobahn junction Nuthetal in the southwest on the triangle of the funcular. This is part of the former car race track AVUS.
Numerous excursions from the Berlin Ring lead via federal roads to the suburbs of Berlin, route planners and traffic conditions with traffic indicator
In principle, there are many residential parking areas and the management of parking spaces, with prices starting from €2 per hour, is constantly being extended and increasingly monitored. Therefore, it is recommended to use the car only for arrivals and departures and to take buses and trains to the city.
The partly poorly signposted Park & Ride offers are suitable for day trips to Berlin.
The environmental zone covers the entire area within the S-Bahn ring. An infringement is fined €80. For more information, including the issuing points of the dust stickers, see Berlin's environmental zones
Berlin can be reached by river cruise ships. The 9Terminal for river cruise ships is located in Berlin-Spandau near the Spreemünden in the Havel am Spandauer Burgwall 23.
Within Berlin and on the feeder roads there are cycle paths that allow you to get from the Land of Brandenburg. However, signs are incomplete in the transition to the Land of Brandenburg and sometimes also within Berlin. Cycle paths are often paved in an uncomfortable manner.
Berlin is the stop and end point of several cycle routes. The main cycle routes are:
- the Europaradweg R1 comes from Potsdam via the Glienicker bridge to Berlin, leads along the Havel, the East-West axis (Heerstraße, Strasse des 17 June, Unter den Linden) to the Berlin Cathedral, then along the river Spree towards Treptower Park, Friedrichshagen, Müggelsee and further on to Erkner.
- the bike trail Berlin-Copenhagen starts at the Brandenburg Gate towards the north along the Spandau Canal, past Plötzensee and Tegel Airport, crosses the Havel and leaves Berlin along the Havel towards Hennigsdorf.
- the cycle path Berlin - Usedom starts at the Berlin Cathedral and leads north through Mitte, Prenzlauer Berg, Pankow and leaves Berlin in the suburb of Berlin-Buch in the direction of Bernau.
- the Spree-Radweg comes from Erkner in the south-east and follows the river along the R 1 via Müggelsee, Friedrichshagen, Köpenick, Treptow, Friedrichshain to the Berlin Cathedral. The continuation to the mouth of the river Spree into the river Havel is not fixed yet.
- the cycle path Berlin - Leipzig reaches Berlin from the south (Zuss) and meets the city border in Lichtenrade. It is run parallel to the Mauerrundweg until Marienfelde and then via Lankwitz, Schöneberg along the Anhalter Bahn and ends at the Brandenburg Gate.
There are also many other tourist cycling routes that lead to Berlin. See also cycling routes in Berlin and Brandenburg
Berlin has a large bus and rail network, composed of regional railways, S-Bahn, underground trains, trams, buses and ferries, which can be used within the Berlin-Brandenburg (VBB) transport network with a ticket. If you don't know where you are, you should leave your car and use public transport. A mobile timetable is available with the BVG app, which also allows tickets to be purchased. The BVG also offers an overview plan for download (pdf).
Berlin drivers are not known for their empathy with the German foreign identity plates, which are creeping in search of their way.
bus and train
Regional railways allow fast movement within the city and the surrounding area, e.g. to Potsdam or Oranienburg. The heart of the city is the tram that crosses Berlin in the west-east direction and passes many sights during a trip between Ostkreuz and Charlottenburg. Regional railways operate in half-hour and one-hour cycles, depending on the line, on some routes several lines overlap to narrower cycles. Regional railways have the advantage that they have toilets in comparison to S-Bahn trains.
S-Bahn trains use the same routes as regional trains with a few exceptions, but they are much more frequent. At the heart of the S-Bahn is the entirely upper-ground ring-railway, which, in addition to its importance for urban transport, will present a Berlin off-the-shelf tour for an hour, complemented by the East-West metro and the North-South train. In the outlying districts, the S-Bahn (city rail) network in the former East German district is denser, since the GDR. was the legacy of the German Reichsbahn and also operated the Berlin S-Bahn. In the western part of the country, the S-Bahn was boycotted after the construction of the Berlin Wall, which led to some disconnections which still exist today. S-Bahn trains run in 10 to 20 minutes (5-minute) cycles, which overlap to denser frequency when multiple lines are bundled, so you rarely have to wait a long time for the next train. It should be noted that several S-Bahn lines usually use the same platform and some amplifier trains do not drive to the terminal of the line. It is therefore worth paying attention to announcements and announcements at the platform.
The metro system, especially in the former western part, is dense and opens up large parts of the city, partly in combination with the S-Bahn. In the outer districts, the metro is mainly underground. Only in Kreuzberg, Schöneberg, Tegel and Prenzlauer Berg, it has longer high-altitude trails. The subway runs generally every 5 minutes.
Trams were completely abolished in the western part in the 1960s and therefore travel almost exclusively in the former eastern part. Some lines are operated as "metro lines" at a higher frequency, recognizable at the M before the single or double digit number. They run at least every 10 minutes during the day.
Buses cover the entire city. The bus network is divided into express buses, recognizable on X before the number or combination of letters. Expressbuses stop only at selected stations and are therefore faster than normal buses. MetroBuses, recognizable at M in front of the two-digit number, are the backbone of the bus network, which operates as important lines at least every 10 minutes and are also listed in the network plans available at BVG. The other buses, recognizable by three-digit numbers, cover the entire city area. There is a code for the numbers, but it is not worth learning for visitors. The previously widely used double-deckers are still operating, mostly in inner-city districts.
Tourists are interested in bus lines 100 and 200 (see sightseeing tours). You drive on different routes from Alexanderplatz through Berlin-Mitte to the western center to the Zoologischer Garten and pass many sights. The itineraries are very similar to those of the paid sightseeing buses.
For night traffic there are various night bus and night tram lines, which also run every 30 minutes during the week from 1 am to 5 am. All the metro lines run continuously. During the weekend, most S-Bahn and U-Bahn lines run all night long. No separate tickets are required for night traffic. However, daily cards will expire at 3 a.m. the following day.
Bicycles can be taken at any time in S-Bahn, U-Bahn and tram with an additional ticket (see "By bike" section for prices). Bicycles can only be taken on the N1 to N9 lines at nights without subway traffic.
Tickets and costs
The bus and rail network in Berlin is divided into three tariff zones. Tariff zone A covers the city center of Berlin within (and including) the S-Bahn Rings. Tarifa B covers the urban area between the S-Bahn (city rail) and the city border. Tarifa C is the surrounding area up to about 15 km (e.g. Potsdam, Oranienburg or also Schönefeld airport). Tickets are available for the AB, BC and ABC combinations. Tickets for Zone A or B only are not offered (tickets valid only in Zone A are available as "City Ticket" in combination with a long-distance ticket issued by Deutsche Bahn). Tickets for zone C are available as a connection ticket to a valid ticket in the tariff area AB (e.g. corresponding weekly tickets). The connection ticket is valid for two hours.
Children from 6 to 14 years old can benefit from the reduced rate.
Tickets are valid on all regional trains, S-Bahn trains, underground trains, trams and buses in the respective zones. Tickets purchased on buses and trams are devalued and valid for immediate use. If you buy your ticket at the machine or kiosk, you must have canceled your ticket by subway, subway and regional trains before you arrive. You cannot purchase or devalue trains. In buses or trams, the vehicle is devalued on board.
fares Berlin January 2020
- Short distance (3 S-Bahn, 3 U-Bahn or 6 bus stations - no change possible): €1.90, reduced €1.40
- Total city AB ・ single ticket: 2,90 €, reduced 1,80 €, ・ 4 trips: 9,00, Erm.: €5.60 ・ daily menu: 8,60 €, reduced 5,50 €, ・ small group card for up to 5 persons: €23.50
- Outside the S-Bahn and surrounding BC: ・ single ticket 3,30 €, discounted 2,30 €, ・ daily menu: 9 €, reduced 5,80 €, ・ small group card for up to 5 persons: €24.30
- Entire Berlin and surrounding ABC: ・ single ticket 3,60 €, discounted 2,60 €, ・ daily menu: 9,60 €, discounted 6 €, ・ small group card up to 5 people: €24.90
- 7-day VBB environmental map AB: €34, ABC: €41. It shall apply for 7 consecutive days. From 8 p.m., and all day on Saturdays, Sundays and Sundays. Holidays are available for 1 adult and up to 3 children free of charge.
For some tourists it is necessary to get used to the fact that you can only get in the front of the bus and have to show the driver your ticket.
- The WelcomeCard offers free travel by public transport and discounts on around 200 cultural, culinary and tourist offers. Most of the time, it is 25% discounts, sometimes up to 50%. Museums of the Museumsinsel are not included.
- For 48 hours the ticket costs (AB): 23 €, with Potsdam and surroundings Berlin (ABC): 28 €, for 72 hours: 33 € / 38 €, for 4 days 40 € / 45 €, for 5 days: 46 € / 49 € and for 6 days 49 € / 52 €. With the ABC variant, children under 14 can travel for free. Tickets are also available at every ticket machine. The brochure can be obtained later from the tourist information.
- The WelcomeCard Museumsinsel offers free travel in Berlin (AB) and Berlin with the surrounding area (ABC), discounts for around 200 attractions and free admission to museums of the Museumsinsel for 3 consecutive days:
- Price for 72 hours: 51 € / 55 €. (2020 prices)
- The less interesting City Tour Card offers free travel in Berlin, Potsdam and the Berlin area. You save 15% to 50% on around 40 tourist attractions of the city and the surrounding area. Most of the discounts are only 1-2 €. Main attractions such as Museumsinsel and Zoo are not included. These cards are also available for 48 hours, 72 hours, 4, 5 or 6 days. costs between 19,90 € (48 h AB) and 47,90 € (6 days ABC).
So if you want to spend this period without visiting the museum in the city, three daily tickets are cheaper. For those who stay in Berlin for five to seven days, the seven-day map (from 34 €), late risers who stay for at least ten days, should consider the 10 o'clock monthly card valid for one month from the date of issue (from 58 €). Large luggage and dogs are included in the price for many of the above rates.
For the environmentally and price-conscious visitor to Berlin, the previous study of the tariff overview remains essential. It should also be borne in mind that the 48- and 72-hour tickets are valid for hours after devaluation, one-day or multiple-day tickets after calendar days.
Families and small groups
Families and small groups, consisting of 3 to 5 people (children under 6 not included because they are free to drive anyway) and who can waive museum discounts, can take advantage of the small group menu. The ticket is for a maximum of 5 people and costs €19.90 (AB), €20.60 (BC) or €20.80 (ABC) (stand: 24 January 2017). You can buy them at the machine or at the BVG sales counter; it must be canceled when the journey takes place. The purchase of small group day tickets is the cheapest option for families and small groups even if they stay in Berlin for a longer period, i.e. 1 or 2 weeks.
Small families with no more than 2 to 3 journeys per day can calculate whether they can get even cheaper with single tickets (or the cheaper 4-trip tickets) or short-distance tickets than with a small group daily ticket. The latter is definitely worth it if you take 4 or more journeys per day.
At the ticket offices of the S-Bahn stations, you can also pay with the usual credit cards; Tickets machines (at all S & Metro stations, some bus stops) accept debit and credit cards or cash (even coins in trams). Individual tickets can be purchased from bus drivers, but only for cash payment (no acceptance of large banknotes). Almost all tickets can also be purchased via the BVG app - an internet connection is required for the purchase, while the journey is not. Registration (credit card or account) is required for the purchase in the app.
In Berlin, there are over 7000 taxi fares that can be ordered by the passenger at the taxi stand or by the road. Orders by phone or app are also possible. Taxi have a duty to transport, i.e. they have to reach any desired destination in the city area.
If you order by mobile phone or from the hotel or at the many stops you get at 3.90 € and then you pay 2 € per km. Large cabs with more than four people, or bulky luggage, cost extra, as well as waiting times. You can pay in cash with debit (EC) card or standard credit cards. If you take a taxi on the road, you can take a short trip of less than 2 km for 5 euros. This shall be notified to the driver before the start of the journey. If the journey continues, the meter climbs very quickly to the normal fare of about 7 €.
The current taxi fare can be found on the page of the taxi. There is also a tariff calculator.
If you can't leave it, you're prepared for it's not an exercise for the nerve-weak. Although Berlin does not have an old town center with winding streets, but rather relatively wide streets, the often multi-lane traffic with increased average speeds and descent paths is unusual for many drivers. The construction of the Berlin road network is comparatively simple once you have seen through the system. There are several concentric rings (not all over 360 degrees) crossed by radial roads. Traffic density has increased enormously in recent years. In the main traffic times, many roads are blocked, the city's motorway is almost all day long.
The hotel is very close to the train station. There are parking garages or underground garages in the city. Parking on the side of the road is limited in time and expensive, which can quickly cost 4 euros an hour. For this, parking is available. In the densely built residential areas, however, parking spaces are scarce. In the outlying districts, it is easy to find a parking lot, apart from the town centers. All in all, it is advisable (and much more stress-free) to leave the car at the quarters and use the well developed local transport system.
By bicycle or scooter
There are cycle paths, also along the rivers Havel and Spree and the main canals. Unfortunately, the bike paths are often uncomfortably paved, sometimes even at unfavorable places. The signs are also incomplete, especially in the transition to the Land of Brandenburg. The "Berliner Mauerweg" (cycling map with description) is interesting, it runs along the former borders of the western part of Berlin. The signs are sometimes confusing, especially in the district of Mitte. ・ cycle routes
There are no bicycle parks in Berlin or other secure accommodation facilities. may. you should take the sightseeing tours that require leaving the bike unattended without biking.
Bicycles are available on S-Bahn, U-Bahn, tram and ferries. There is an additional bike card for the price of 1,80 - 2,40 €, a day card: 4,70 - 5,30 €, monthly card: 10,20 - 12,70 € required. However, according to the conditions of carriage, only a few bicycles can be taken by subway; Groups should therefore prefer the S-Bahn or the regional trains. You may not use bicycles to get into the first car in subways. Some drivers are paying very close attention.
In addition to the classic bicycle rental of bicycle shops or directly at the accommodations, there are a variety of app-based different rental bike systems.
- Nextbike / Deezer: This bicycle rental system is under construction. The target is about 5500 bikes at 725 stations. It is also possible to register without a credit card and holders of a VBB environmental card can use the bicycles.
- LIDL bike: Deutsche Bahn cooperates with the LIDL discount store and plans to provide 5000 bikes at 700 stations by the end of 2019.
In addition to the two established bicycle rental systems, since 2017 Mobike from Shanghai, Byke from Berlin and Donkey Republic Bikes from Denmark have been added.
With the release of Electro rollers in 2019, many landlords of these scooters are leaving the ground. The rental is usually made via App at fixed rental stations as well as at random scooters. Contrary to the original assumption that the e-scooters were used to bridge short distances to the nearest railway station, they are mostly fun objects in everyday use for visitors (-groups). The traffic rules shall be observed: Like bicycles, electric scooters may not be used on sidewalks, but only on bicycle paths or on the road.
Some ferry services are provided by Berlin transport companies; Here, the normal rates of VBB apply, i.e. the tickets for the other means of transport. The secret tip is the line F10 (Wannsee-Kladow). It runs every hour in Wannsee in 60 minutes. After a 20-minute crossing, Kladow is reached with its cafés.
With the catchword Barrierefreies Berlin, the city is trying to provide people with disabilities, seniors and others with partially, permanently or temporarily reduced mobility with access to museums, sights, restaurants, cinemas, clubs, department stores, shopping centers, shops and, of course, the public transport network. You can find maps and information about the city at mobidat and the wheelmap. The wheelmap is also available as a smartphone app.
Wheelchair users can use elevators or ramps in almost all stations (list of broken lifts: brokenlifts, S-Bahn, BVG). Some buses and trams (metro lines) use low-floor technology. Non-protected restaurants, restaurants and hotels have been obliged to install toilets for the disabled. Museums, venues and sights are also technically equipped for a group of wheelchair users. However, it is still difficult to find a place in areas that are not as touristy, as many sidewalks are still not lowered and the Berliners can be very tolerant, but they can also be indifferent to the city's tourist attractions. Various private providers, who also work for the special service Berlin, offer airport pick-ups, transfers, city tours and much more in specially equipped buses for Berlin visitors. The wheelchair roadside service will help you with problems such as transport, repair/replacement wheelchair under 84 31 09 10 or also 0180 111 47 47 (24 h).
The visually impaired and the blind can orient themselves by means of numerous ampings and acoustic notices in lifts and railways. On many stations there are strip strips with rough surfaces that mark the edge of the platform. There are tactile handrail signs at some stations (including the main railway station) with signs in Braille. Information and special excursion destinations for the blind and partially sighted can be found here.
The deaf can find out about special offers here.
Berlin has a very large number of different sights, the most important of which are located in the old center (Mitte district), Zoo/Ku'damm, as well as in the area around the Kulturforum and Potsdamer Platz. The Museumsinsel (Museum Island), including the Pergamon Museum, the Old National Gallery, the Bode Museum, the settlements of the Berlin Modern from the 1920s and the castles and parks of Potsdam and Berlin that cross Potsdam are part of the UNESCO World Heritage. Other attractions that must not be missed during a visit to Berlin include the Brandenburg Gate, the Reichstag building, the Holocaust Memorial, the Alexanderplatz with its TV tower, the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church and the Charlottenburg and Pfaueninsel castles.
Churches and synagogues
- 1Berlin Cathedral, Am Lustgarten 1. ・ The Berlin Cathedral is a central place of the Protestant Church in Germany and is located on the northern part of the Spreen Island, known as the Museumsinsel. The 78 m high dome building was built at the beginning of the 20th century, following the St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Opened: Mon - Sa: 09-19, 12-19, April - Sept: until 8 p.m. Price: entry: 7,- € incl. children up to 18 years, reduced: 4,- €, audio guide: 3,- €.
- 2 ev. Marienkirche at the TV tower. The only building in the district of Marienviertel that survived the bombs and the bulldozers. Because of the proximity to the TV tower, probably most photographed church of Berlin.
- 3 New Synagogue, Oranienburger Strasse 30. The Jewish church was built by garlic in 1859-66, partly destroyed in 1938 and only restored between 1988 and 1995. Germany's largest and most magnificent synagogue represents a masterpiece of engineering at the time. The 50 m high dome has small side towers ("miniminarette"). This and the façade of the building give the building a Moorish look. The building houses an exhibition. The dome can be climbed from April to September. Opened: So. - From 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. in winter, from 3 p.m. to 3 p.m. in winter. Price: 5,- €, m: 4,- €, dome: 3,- € / 2,50 €.
- 4 Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church. Historical ham in the middle of the (then) Kurfürstendamm. This church would probably never have been known to the outside world if it had not been destroyed in World War II and, now in the center of West Berlin, had it not been used as a monument to war. In 1961 the octagonal church hall and a new tower were inaugurated next to the tower, which with their blue glass mosaic stones create a soft and diffused light in the interior. Opened: daily from 9:00 to 19:00. service: So: 10:00 and 18:00.
Other churches are described in articles of the city.
castles and palaces
- 5 Charlottenburg is the most important baroque building in Berlin, next to the Zeughaus, which houses the German Historical Museum. During the Second World War, it was considerably more damaged than the Berlin castle, which had been exploded in 1950. On the other hand, the Hohenzollernresidenz in Charlottenburg was completely rebuilt. During the reconstruction of the Bellevue Castle, Charlottenburg was the residence of the Federal President. At times, the castle may be closed for public transport during state visits and receptions. ・ important is not only the castle, but also the castle park north of the castle. Part Rokoko, part English park with some small architectures and exhibition buildings
- 6 Humboldt Forum. Here was the castle of Hohenzollern, which was blown up in 1950. The building under construction in the reconstructed façades will house several museums after completion in 2020,
- 7 peacock. It is a landscaped park in the Havel area of Berlin. Since 1990, it has been listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, together with the castles and parks of Sanssouci in Potsdam and Glienicke in Berlin. The 67-hectare peacock island, Friedrich Wilhelm II. Built in 1793, it is characterized by landscape gardening and an ancient tree population of about 400 picturesque oaks. Eyserbeck, Lenné and Fintelmann introduced them with the route and timber grouping. You can marvel at peacock. The island is only accessible by a ferry. Built in 1794, the White Castle on the Pfaueninsel is a landmark of the city of Berlin, with its characteristic towers and the bridge connecting them. The castle is closed for renovation work "until further notice"! Opened: ferry times daily in March: 9-18, April: 9 a.m. - 7 p.m., May - August: 9-20, September: 9-19, October: 09-18, Nov. - Feb: 10-16. Price: Ferry Return trip 3,- €, discounted 2,50 €, family card: 8,- €., castle 3€.
- 8 Glienicke Castle. Glienicke Castle is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was the summer castle of Prince Carl von Prussia. Today's classicist form dates back to Karl Friedrich Schinkel. Today the building is used as a castle museum. The Park Klein Glienicke, mistakenly called Volkspark Glienicke, is a large English landscape park between Havel, Moorlake, Royal Street (B 1) and the Glienicker Bridge. Glienicke Castle and Park are also part of the World Heritage. Opened: Apr Oct: Di-So 10:00-18:00, Di-Fri tour only with guide, last tour: 4:00 PM; Nov-Mär: Sa-So with guide 10:00 - 16:00. Price: 6,- €, reduced: 5,- €, photo permission: 3,- €.
- 9 Bellevue - early-classicist three-wing facility of 1785/86 ・ Since 1957 the second seat of the Federal President, since 1994 the first seat of the Federal President. Only to visit from outside, admission only on invitation.
For further castles and castles see also the district articles.
As the capital of the German Empire, Berlin has a large number of representative buildings of all eras until the present time. The competition during the partition also made it possible that many institutions, from airports to universities to zoos, were created twice. Only the most important buildings are listed here. Numerous other entries can be found in the district articles.
- Government districts with 10Reichstag building Architecture of Imperial Power and Time
- 11 House of World Cultures (Congress Hall). Built by the Americans after the war in 1956, the Berliners call it the "pregnant oyster" because of its vibrant roof shape. The roof collapsed in 1980 buried some people.
- 12 Brandenburg Gate - the Berlin landmark and symbol of German unity, even at the time of division, lies at the western end of the road Unter den Linden on Pariser Platz and at the crossing to the street of 17 June in Tiergarten.
- 13 television tower - the highest building in the city, with a panoramic canal at 203 m and 207 m altitude.
- 14 Tempelhof Airport type - the airport building, a 1,200 m long arc shaped multi-story building, was the largest building in the world (by floor area) when it was completed in 1941. In its history, it was not only terminal buildings, but also aircraft shipyards, concentration camps, US military bases, exhibition halls, and sports facilities. In front of the building, the air bridge monument reminiscent of the Berlin blockade in 1958/49.
- Settlements of the modern Berlin. Six different Miethaus settlements from the 1910 and 1920’s, designed by architects such as Bruno Taut, Otto Salvisberg, Martin Wagner and Hans Sharoun, are listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. These are:
- 1 Gartenstadt Falkenberg in Bohnsdorf (former district Treptow): Since 1912, around 120 apartments have been built by the architect Bruno Taut, whose color is known as a stucco settlement. Unfinished because of the First World War.
- 2 Schillerpark in Wedding Approximately 300 co-financed apartments in multi-family houses, planned from 1924 to 1930 by also Taut Bruno Taut.
- 3Britz horseshoe in Neukölln settlement with 1300 apartments in multi-family houses as well as terraced houses, celebrated by Bruno Taut and Martin Wagner at the end of the 1920s Sense-shaped house in the center.
- 4 Carl Legien residential town in Prenzlauer Berg - Six long U-shaped blocks with large loggias planned to green inner courtyards, planned by Bruno Taut in 1928.
- 5White City in Reinickendorf - large settlement with 1.300 loose apartments from 1928 to 1931. Planners were Salvisberg, Ahrends, Büning.
- 6Simensstadt large settlement in Charlottenburg-Nord - factory apartments of Siemens AG for several thousand families, planned by Scharoun and Gropius among others.
- 15East Side Gallery - contiguous piece of wall along the Mühlenstrasse, which has been transformed since 1990 as a large screen for graphic artists
Berlin is relatively flat. However, there are some natural surveys which are also suggested by the district names such as Kreuzberg or Prenzlauer Berg. A bit higher are the mountains of garbage in the southeast and the Grunewald in the west. There are also observation towers,
- 1 gage, and
- 2 Grunewaldturm. Both towers rise about 30 meters and offer a view of the whole. The view covers the surrounding forests and waters, the city's silhouette is far from the horizon.
Urban surveys shall be considered as a natural survey of
- 3 Kreuzberg with the monument for the liberation wars at the top, a cast-iron monster that you have in your back while looking over the city. In the surrounding Victoriapark an artificial waterfall, reconstruction of the Zackelfall near the Schreiberhau in the Giant Mountains.
It was helped by the piling of rubble on
- 4 Teufelsberg in the west of the city. The highest mountain in Berlin was occupied by an interception station operated by the US Armed Forces until the 1990s. The interception station is still standing and is now the subject of one of Berlin’s more curious city tours. We will continue to have a full view of the city and warn you about flying dragons.
- 5 Humboldthaine in health wells and
- 6 Volkspark Friedrichshain are comparatively close to the city. Both are mountains of rubble, which were shaken around a bunker of flakes. On Humboldthaine, the one on the top is still looking.
There are many high buildings in Berlin that offer viewing points. These are
- TV tower - no more. panorama at 203 m and 207 m altitude. Long snakes, advance booking advisable
- dome of the Reichstag building overlooking the government district and the Tiergarten. Admission free but prior notice required
- dome of the Berlin Cathedral, which can be climbed as part of a walk in the cathedral
- 7 Dachterasse Park Inn - on Alexanderplatz, cheap and snake-free alternative to the TV tower, 270-degree view
- 8 Europacenter - Visit platform in City West under Mercedesstern
- 9 Telefunkenhochhaus - Am Ernst-Reuter-Platz (Charlottenburg). On the 20th floor, a cafeteria is run by the University of Technology's cafeteria. Admission free and snack with drinks are available there as much as anywhere else.
- panorama point of Potsdamer Platz on Kollhoff-Tower
- 10 Funkturm - It is not possible to get up to the fresh air. Just outside the West at the exhibition grounds
streets and squares
- 16 Below the Linden. The baroque axis of the residence leads from the castle (now Humboldt-Forum) to the Brandenburg Gate. In addition, it continues about 10 km west to Scholzplatz in the West End. Berlin's magnificent street with representative buildings including the Humboldt University and State Library, the Cathedral of the Hedwigs, the Bebelplatz, the State Opera, the Neue Wache and the Zeughaus, and a statue of Friedrich des Großen. Other hotels, showrooms of noble baroque bars, cafes and restaurants.
- 17 Gendarmenmarkt. Elegant square with the German Cathedral, the French Cathedral and the theater (official: "Concert Hall") in the middle.
- 18 Potsdamer Platz. Once the busiest square in Berlin with an early traffic light in the 1920s. Later, it was abandoned in the no man's land between East and West Berlin and around the turn of the millennium the largest construction site in Europe. Today tower complex with movie theater, shopping and residential complex with film house with film museum and Sonycenter
- 19 wide districts. Built in the 1950s and 1960s as a window window for West Berlin with the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church, Zoopalast (cinema) and Europacenter with a wide-lit Mercedesstern on the roof,
- 20 Kurfürstendamm. Charlottenburg counterpart to Unter den Linden boulevard with less presentation and more strolls. Even if the Ku-damm feels the competition of the Linden, the Friedrichstrasse, there are still many noble boutiques and shops here, so even Windows shopping can be worth it.
- 21 Alexanderplatz shopping center and traffic junction. The atmosphere of the pre-war Berlin is no longer here, war, socialist urban planning and post-war real estate speculation have done a lot of work. Masses and average goods that are slightly tilted into the junk, but occasionally still hip-hop players.
- 22 Chamissoplatz - It never lived as beautifully in Kreuzberg as it did now after the renovation. Old Berlin from the finest as well as near the Bergmannstrasse with many small shops and cafes.
- 23 Karl-Marx-Allee. in the 1950s, a former GDR. avenue built as a Stalinallee, with palaces for the avant-garde of the working class
- 24 Friedrichstrasse. A bustling shopping and entertainment area in some parts. For Berlin conditions comparatively close and therefore more urban livelier than elsewhere.
- 25 Bölschestraße - A short half-hour by S-Bahn (city rail) between Müggelsee and the S-Bahn JotWeeDee. But beautiful.
- 26 Holocaust memorial (in the OT-Mitte on the edge to Tiergarten). walk-in labyrinth made of concrete
- 27 Victory Column (on the Great Star in Tiergarten). with gold-plated winged Victoria in memory of 70/71. In 1939, when it was moved to the Great Star, it was raised from 50.66 meters to 66.89 meters.
- 28 Marx-Engels-Forum (in the OT-center at the edge of the green area to Liebknechtbrücke). Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels survived, and with his folk skirt, they call them Sacco and Jacketti, popular group of figures for Selfies's
- 29 Soviet memorial (in Tiergarten). Memorial and burial site for fallen Red Army
- 30 Soviet Memorial (in the Treptower Park). Biggest of the four monumental memorials with military graves
- 31 Airbridge memorial (in front of Tempelhof airport). Sculpture, which is intended to remind of the Berlin Airlift with its victims,
- 32 Memorial Hohenschönhausen, Genslerstrasse 66. Former investigation and torture prison of the GDR. Ministry of State Security
- 33 Neptune Fountain. from 1891 - dismantled from the square in front of the Berlin Castle and restored in 1969 to the green area in front of the Red City Hall.
- 34 world ball fountains. (water clops) at the main square at the zoo.
- 35 fairytale fountain in the Volkspark Friedrichshain. Built in 1913, the fountain with figures of fairy tales is a popular scenery for children and lovers.
Berlin has a wide range of museums. From the cast collection of antique plastic to the Sugar Museum, more than 200 houses invite you. An overview is available here. If you would like to visit several museums, you can buy a combination ticket in different variants. Here we have to pay close attention to which museums are included and the corresponding time period (make this useful without incitement).
- Museum fun - The 3-day ticket for 29,- € (discount: 14,50 €) allows free access to around 30 museums. It contains the museums of the Museumsinsel and the most important museums of the Cultural Forum and around Charlottenburg Castle.
- The Museum Island area map costs: 18,- €, discounted 9 € and worth from the second visit of the museum.
- Reductions with the "Berlin WelcomeCard" combined with daily bus and train tickets are available at: tourist card
It is good for families: Children up to 18 years of age are admitted free of charge at all state museums.
Further overview pages are the common page State Museums zu Berlin and the common page Stiftung Stadtmuseum Berlin.
The museums on the 36Museumsinsel are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The Pergamon Museum now houses three museums: the collection of antiques with the architectural halls and the sculpture site, the Ancient Museum and the Museum of Islamic Art. The impressive reconstructions of archeological buildings such as the Pergamon altar, the market gate of Milet and the Ischtar gate with the processional road of Babylon and the Mshatta facade have made the museum world-wide known. The hall with the Pergamon altar is closed due to a large renovation of the building until 2023 .
- The Bode Museum on the Museumsinsel presents mainly sculptures. After destruction in World War II, the museum has been open to the public since 2006 with its collection of sculptures, the Museum of Byzantine Art, the coin cabinet and works of the painting gallery.
- Old museum Originally the building was created for the Berlin art collections. Between 1943 and 1945, the building burned and was severely damaged. Reconstruction lasted until 1966. Since 1998, the collection of antiques in the Old Museum has shown its Greek collection with the Treasury on the ground floor of the building.
- The Old National Gallery exhibits works of classicism, romance, Biedermeier, impressionism and the beginning of modernity.
- The New Museum houses the collection of papyruses and the Egyptian Museum with the bust of the Nofrete, the Museum of Pre- and Early History with objects from the treasure of Priamos, as well as parts of the collection of antiques.
In 37 Cultural Forum in Tiergarten near Potsdamer Platz an ensemble of cultural temples with the Philharmonie and Kammermusiksauna was established in the western part of the 1960s on a brown area near the Wall al, the State Library and some museums. These include:
- The New National Gallery is the Museum of Art of the 20th century of the National Gallery Berlin. Opened in 1968, the museum was built by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and is regarded as an icon of classical modernity.
- The Berlin Painting Gallery shows collections of old European paintings from the 13th to the 18th century
- The Copper Stick Cabinet is the largest museum of the /graphic arts in Germany and one of the four most important collections of this kind in the world. There are more than 500,000 prints in his collections and about 110,000 other works of art on paper, including drawings, pastels, watercolors and oil sketches.
- art museum
- The Music Instruments Museum Berlin contains around 3,500 instruments and one of the largest and most representative collections of musical instruments in Germany.
a little away from the Cultural Forum
- 38 Hamburg railway station - Museum for the present (in Moabit near the main railway station).
- 39 Bauhaus Archive. Exhibition on the history of the famous architectural style, world's largest collection on the subject of Bauhaus.
Museums in and at Charlottenburg Castle
- Charlottenburg Castle, which is itself an important museum site, has a number of fine museums of painting.
- The Berggruen Museum (Schlossstraße 1, opposite the castle) exhibits pictures of Picasso and his time. In addition to works by Picasso, art of classical modernity can be seen by many other famous artists - including Cézanne, Klee, Braque and Matisse.
- The Scharf-Gerstenberg collection shows top-class works by the surrealists and their predecessors from the collections of the "Stiftung Collection Dieter Scharf for the Remembrance of Otto Gerstenberg". The spectrum of artists ranges from Piranesi, Goya and Redon to Dalí, Magritte, Max Ernst and Dubuffet.
- Bröhan Museum with Art Deco, Art Deco and functionalism (1889-1939)
- A collection of antique sculptures shows 2,000 plaster casts by Greek and Roman sculptures from the 3rd millennium BC. to approximately 500 n. c.
The 40 Dahlem Museum Center in Dahlem houses the ethnic museums, Lansstraße 8 or Arnimallee 25, U3 Dahlem village. After the opening of the Humboldt Forum in the rebuilt city castle, they are to move there.
- Museum of Asian Art
- ethnological museum
- Museum of European Cultures. All three museums are among the most comprehensive collections of their genre in the world.
museums for history
- 41 Deutsches Historisches Museum (DHM), Unter den Linden 2 Berlin-Mitte. Tel: +49(0)30-20 30 40. Museum of German History and place of reconnaissance and understanding of the common history of Germans and Europeans. Extensive collections on German history, near the Cathedral of Berlin and the Museum Island. Opened: Mo-So 10-18. Price: 8 €, discount 4 €, children under 19 years free. facebook URL used
- 42 Jewish Museum Berlin, Lindenstraße 9-14 in Kreuzberg. Tel: (0)30 2599 3300. Jewish persecution 1933-1945, Jewish life in Germany since late antiquity, significance of Jewry in Germany for cultural development in Germany, special exhibitions. Interesting architecture. Opened: Mon 10 - 10 p.m., Di. - 10 a.m. - 8 p.m. Price: 8,- €, reduced: 3,- €, family: 14,- €.
- 43 memorial of the Berlin Wall, Bernauer Strasse 119 and 111, health fountain / center. Tel: +49(0)30-467 98 66 66, e-mail: [email protected]. On Bernauer Strasse, the German division was the most glacial. The street belonged to the West Berlin district of Wedding, houses in the East Berlin district of Mitte. After the ground floors were built on August 13, 1961, the refugees jumped out of the upper windows onto the street. The escape tunnels were also dug. On a 1.3 km stretch of the former border, the border complex and the situation at the time are depicted with the human fate. Opened: Outdoor: accessible throughout the year; Visitors' Center: Apr-Oct Di.-So. 10 - 6 p.m. The documentation center Bernauer Strasse 111. Price: Admission free. facebook URL used
- 44 Topography of Terror Documentation Center, Niederkirchnerstraße 8, 10963 Berlin Mitte/Kreuzberg. Tel: +49(0)30 - 25450950, e-mail: [email protected]. The Documentation Center of the Foundation "Topography of Terror" displays permanent exhibitions during the period of Nazism: The main focus is the permanent exhibition in the building of the Gestapo, SS and the Reich Security Department and the crimes committed by them. Outside, the exhibition "Berlin 1933-1945" takes place at a piece of the former Berlin Wall. Special exhibitions and guided tours complement the program. In the Nazi period the headquarters of the secret state police (Gestapo) were located on the site. Opened: daily from 10 am to 8 pm, closed from 24.12., 31.12., 1.1. Price: Admission free.
- 45 house at Checkpoint Charlie (Mauermuseum), Friedrichstraße 43, 10969 Berlin-Kreuzberg. Tel: +49(0)30 - 253 7250, e-mail: [email protected]. History of the Berlin Wall and the German division. The private museum at the former border crossing shows a lively exhibition on the Berlin Wall and is visited by many visitors from all over the world. Opened: Mo-So 9-22. Price: 12,50 €, students: 9,50 €, children 7-18 years: €6.50. facebook URL used
- 46 Museum in Kulturbrauerei (in Prenzlauer Berg). with the permanent exhibition "Everyday life in the GDR."Opened: Di - So etc. Friday from 10.00 to 18.00, and until 20.00. Price: Admission free.
Museums of Technology and Science
- 47 German Technical Museum Berlin-Kreuzberg - Exhibitions for air and air. space, shipping, rail, road and local transport, and photo and photo. film technology, energy technology, production techniques, computing and computing automation, communications, writing and printing, paper, textile, historical brewery and special exhibitions.
- 48 Museum für Kommunikation, Leipziger Strasse 16, 10117 Berlin-Mitte. Tel: +49(0)30-202 94 205, e-mail: [email protected]. History, present and future of communication, permanent exhibition: Communication is everyday. How do media change the perception of space and time? What is the impact of speeding up the movement of people, goods and data? How are messages protected? How does the self-representation of institutions and nations change? Special exhibits: Blue and the Red Mauritius, TV tubes from the period before the TV era, the first telephone sets of Philipp Reis. Exhibition of the Post Opened: Di 9-20, Mi-Fr 9-17, Sa-So 10-18. Price: 4 €, discounted 2 €, children under 18 years free.
- 49 Museum of Natural Science (Museum of Natural History, Humboldt Museum) in the middle. The Museum of Natural History in Berlin (besides the Senckenbergmuseum in Frankfurt) is the largest natural history museum in Germany. The museum is known mainly for its skeleton originally classified as Brachiosaurus brancai, the world's largest skeleton of a dinosaur. In the Lichthof you can also see the very well preserved original of an Archaeopteryx ("Berliner Copy"), the paraves from the Solnhofener Kalken in southern Germany, which is widely known as the oldest bird. The museum also shows: minerals, fossils, ungulates and local animals. The dioramas, which show different animals in their natural environment, are considered to be of cultural historical value.
- 50 Botanical Gardens with Botanical Museum. with large greenhouses over 100 years old,
- 51 animal park, Am Tierpark 125. The Tierpark Berlin is the East Berlin Zoo with lots of space in Friedrichsfelde. With over 160 hectares, it is one of the largest zoos in Europe and is highly recommended for visitors. A visit to the Dickheiterhaus is recommended at around 12 o'clock on weekends when elephants bathe. Opened: Sept. 8 - 26 October 2014: 9:00 - 18:00, 27 Oct. - 31 Dec.: 9:00 - 17:00 ・ entrance: 12,- €, discount 9,- € and 6,- €, family tickets: € 20,- and € 32,- respectively. ・ accessible by U5.
- ,52 Zoological Gardens. in the Tiergarten near the train station Zoo with the aquarium. One of the oldest and richest zoos and green oasis in the bustling city-west
parks, gardens, lakes and forests
- 53 large animal garden - The Brandenburg Kurfürsten once hunted here. Now walkers, joggers, and cyclists ride through the extensive park, the city's green lung
- 54 Tempelhofer Park - at the former Tempelhof airport. In May 2010 the Tempelhofer Field was opened to the general public and is available during the day for leisure, sport and recreation.
- 55 Treptower Park - Park on the west bank of the river Spree with the adjacent forest. Soviet monument and former, now pouring amusement park
- 56 grunewald - in Wilmersdorf with nearby lake. Largest continuous forest area in Berlin between the city area and the Havel in the south-west of the city
- 57 Lake Tegeler - with Tegeler Forst. Lake Tegeler is a large extension of the Havel, along whose northern shore a large forest area borders
- 78 garbage - Berlin's largest lake. See article: Köpenick, Friedrichshagen.
Berlin with children - sights for children
Berlin offers a wide variety of sights, activities, museums and exhibitions, which, beyond the two zoos, are specially designed for the needs of children. Here are some particularly worthwhile targets for children aged 3 and over.
- 59 Mach mit Museum, Senefelder Str. 5, Prenzlauer Berg. COME! Museum for Children is a special museum: Numerous MACHmit!-offers for discovering, experimenting and exploring encourage children to learn playfully and to gain less everyday experiences.
- 60 Labyrinth, Osloer Str 12, Wedding. Whether by touching, trying, hopping, climbing, folding, kneading, smelling, racing, hearing, seeing, questions, screaming, thinking or relaxing: Self-learning is the way not only children make the best progress.
- 1 FEZ Wuhlheide, road to FEZ 2, Köpenick. The FEZ-Berlin is Europe’s largest non-profit children’s, youth and family center. It offers creative games, fun, recreation and culture for the whole family.
- 2 Legoland Berlin, Potsdamer Straße 4. E-mail: [email protected]. Tourist Trap at Potsdamer Platz Opened: Monday - Sunday 10.00 - 19.00 (last entry 17.00).
- 61 Jugend Museum, Hauptstr 40/42, Schöneberg. an experimental history museum for young people. The headquarters are the "Millions Villa" in Berlin's Schöneberg district. Unusual exhibition and workshop rooms and a living program
- 1 Knights Sport Bunte Schokowelt, French Str. 24, center (near Gendarmenmarkt). On three floors and almost 1,000 m², chocolate lovers can enjoy, discover and create whatever they like. Admission free.
- 2 Fassbender & Rausch, Charlottenstr 60, center. Here you can enjoy quality chocolate and see sights from 300 kg of chocolate in the shop window of Berlin.
- Berlin - International Film Festival Berlin mostly in the second half of February in numerous Berlin venues. All the films of the contest have their solemn premiere in the theater at Potsdamer Platz, which at that time was called the "Berlinale Palace". The opening ceremony and the award of official prizes will also take place here.
- Carnival of Cultures - street festival in Kreuzberg with a large procession. Always on Whit weekend, from Friday to Monday. Interesting superposition with the football cup final, also mostly on Whitsunday.
- Fete de la Musique, every year at the beginning of the summer on June 21st with numerous stages and bands in the city.
- Christopher Street Day (CSD) - The CSD Berlin will take place last weekend in June.
- Open Air Gallery on the Oberbaumbrücke bridge over the River Spree between Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain - not in 2020 every year in the early summer due to construction works.
- Berlin lights up - light artists showcase buildings of the city with light and projections - dates in spring and autumn.
- Festival of Lights - In early October, the Festival of Lights will turn many of the city's famous monuments into a brilliant, colorful city.
- New Year's Eve party at the Brandenburg Gate - At noon on New Year's Eve Day, the 2 km long party mile on the street of June 17 will be opened between the Brandenburg Gate and the Victory Column. Musical rehearsals by artists are held in the evening between 1:30 and 18:30. At 7 p.m. the stage program starts with live bands and DJ's. From 00:30 a.m. the big party with DJ entertainment will be on the rise. Up to 1,000,000 people celebrating the New Year.
- Long night of museums In the summer, the long night of museums takes place every year, with about 80 houses taking part. Combi ticket including shuttle buses and public transport from 3 p.m.: 18,- €, discounted 12,- €, children up to 12 years have free entrance but require a ticket for the means of transport.
Berlin is a well-used trade fair venue. The big fairs will take place at the 3exhibition grounds in the West End. The well-known public fairs include Green Week in mid-January, the International Tourism Exchange (ITB) in early March and the IFA in early September.
opera, musical, concerts, ballet and drama
Berlin has an unforgettable offer of stage and classical concerts, varietes. Events information can be found in print or online editions such as Zitty or tip. There are also event announcements on the official city page.
Tickets are available in advance sale at the respective theater ticket offices, online or also in the central ticket sale Hekticket at the zoo - ticket sale in the foyer of Deutsche Bank, vis a vis Bhf. Zoo in Hardenbergstraße 29 D (Mon - Sa 10-20, Sun + Day 14-18 h) or at Hekticket am Alex in Kulturkiosk at Berlin Carré, U+S Bahn Alexanderplatz, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 13 (Mon - Sat 10-20 am). It is worth to get advice from the staff there. Tel: +49 (0)30 - 230 9930. Half-price tickets for the same evening events are available daily from 2 p.m.
Only the largest houses are listed here. For detailed information and other houses see also the relevant district articles.
- 4 Staatsoper Unter den Linden (Deutsche Staatsoper, Staatsoper Berlin), Unter den Linden 5-7, 10117 Berlin-Mitte. The Staatsoper Unter den Linden is the most important opera house in Berlin. The building was part of the Forum Fridericianum and was built as the Royal Court Opera from 1741 to 1743 according to plans of Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff. The building was the first independent opera house in Germany and at the time the largest in Europe. facebook URL used
- 5 Deutsche Oper Berlin, Bismarckstraße 35, 10627 Berlin-Charlottenburg. Tel: +49(0)30-343 8401, e-mail: [email protected]. The Deutsche Oper Berlin is the largest of the three opera houses in Berlin. The Bismarckstraße 34-37 building in Charlottenburg was opened in 1961 and replaced the German opera, which was destroyed in the same place in World War II in 1943. The Charlottenburger House is one of the largest theaters in Germany with 1859 seats. facebook URL used
- 6 Komische Oper Berlin, Behrenstraße 55, 10117 Berlin-Mitte. The Komische Oper Berlin is the smallest of the three Berlin operas. The theater was built in 1892 and was first played by the theater under the Linden, and from 1898 the Metropol theater. Shortly before the end of World War II, large parts of the building, the entrance and the painting on the ceiling were completely destroyed. The auditorium remained almost intact. In 1947 Walter Felsenstein founded the Komische Oper Berlin here. With the work of Walter Felsenstein, who until his death in 1975 was director and director-general of the house, the Komische Oper Berlin gained worldwide recognition as the birthplace of the modern music theater. facebook URL used twitter URL used
Musical and varieté
- 7 Friedrichstadt-Palast, Friedrichstraße 107, Berlin-Mitte. Revuetheater built in 1984 in Friedrichstraße. Berlin's biggest show with over 100 artists on the world's largest theater stage.
- 8 Theater of the West, Cantr. 12, Berlin-Charlottenburg. Former opera house, built in 1895/96 in the style of Wilhelmine Historism . Since 2003 the stage entertainment musical theater. Many different musicals have been performed, including "Mamma Mia", "Vampire Dance" and "companions".
- 9 Bluemax Theater at Potsdamer Platz with the Blue Man Group. at Potsdamer Platz with the Blue Man Group, a mix of music, comedy, art and science.
- 10 Admiral Palace. Musicals, shows and concerts are performed in the historic building at the Friedrichstraße station.
- 11 Philharmonic Herbert-von-Karajanstr. 1, Berlin Tiergarten. In the Kulturforum in Tiergarten - brilliant construction of a concert hall, the orchestral podium is in the middle of the room. Next to the Chamber Music Hall, built 24 years later next to the Philharmonic.
- 12 concert hall on the Gendarmenmarkt, Berlin-Mitte
- 13 Berliner Ensemble, Bertolt-Brecht-Platz 1, 10117 Berlin(-Mitte). Tel: +49(0)30 - 284 080. The Berlin ensemble became famous for performing the works of its founder, Bertolt Brecht, and is considered one of the leading German-speaking stages. Since 1954, the Theater am Schiffbauerdamm in Berlin-Mitte has been the venue for the Berlin ensemble.
- 14 Deutsches Theater, Schumannstraße 13, 10117 Berlin(-Mitte). Tel: +49(0)30 - 284 410.
- 15 Volksbühne am Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz, Linienstraße 227, Berlin-Mitte. Tel: +49.30.24 065 - 5, e-mail: [email protected].
- 16 comedy at the Kurfürstendamm in Schillertheater, Bismarckstraße 110, Berlin-Charlottenburg. Tel: (0)30 88 59 11-88.
- 17 Schaubühne am Lehniner Platz, Kurfürstendamm 153, Berlin-Wilmersdorf. Tel: +49 30 890020, e-mail: [email protected].
- 18 Maxim Gorki Theater - With 440 seats it is the smallest of the Berlin theaters. The game plan covers the entire width of the current theater. It resides in the building built by the choir association of the Sing Academy in Berlin, behind the Neue Wache on Unter den Linden boulevard. It is named after the Russian-Soviet writer Maxim Gorki.
- 19 Renaissance theater at Knesebeckstraße in Charlottenburg is the only well-preserved Art Deco stage house in Europe.
- 20 Cabaret Theater Distel, Friedrichstraße 101. Tel: +49 30 20 30 00 0, e-mail: [email protected].
- 21 Cabaret Theater The Chessboars, Tauentzienstraße 9 - 12 in the Europa Center. Tel: (0)30 261 47 95, e-mail: [email protected].
- 22 cabaret theater The Wühlmäuse, Pommernallee 2-4, near Theodor-Heuss-Platz. Tel: (0)30 30 67 30 11, Fax: (0)30 30 67 30 30, e-mail: [email protected].
Major events such as concerts, guest plays of rock bands can take place in
- Olympic stadium
- forest stage - open-air stage for 20,000 visitors
- Mercedes-Benz Arena - 15,000 visitors
There are countless organizers in Berlin who show visitors to the city on land, on water and in the air, over-ground, underground, with and without bicycles, Segway, pub tours, even with dog.
A round trip with the Cessna is available from Strausberg, helicopter trips from Berlin Schönefeld Airport. The fun can quickly become three digits.
Numerous providers travel along the rivers and canals of Berlin, not only Spree and Havel. Classic is an approximately three- to four-hour round trip over Spree and the Landwehr Canal, which starts in the heart of Berlin, e.g. at Museumsinsel, Reichstag (-Sufer), Jannowitzbrücke. The tour goes through Spree under Oberbaumbrücke to the Landwehr Canal through Kreuzberg and Schöneberg, past Potsdamer Platz through Tiergarten, past the Zoological Gardens to the Spree in Moabit and past the main railway station to Reichstag and Museumsinsel. Various providers take the tour or part of it, especially on the river Spree. The largest suppliers are shipping company Riedel and Star and Circular Navigation.
There are various themed trips, such as bridges, cruises, city center trips as well as special trips, e.g. Aquarella, krimimobil, Icke in Berlin, but also charter trips. Longer journeys take the river Spree to the mouth of the Havel in Spandau and continue to Wannsee (that would be a full day trip). The Havel from Tegeler See to Wannsee via Spandau will also be driven. From Treptow take excursion boats up towards Müggelsee. An overview of the shipping companies can be obtained from the Shipowners' Association in Berlin.
Canoe tours are also available, such as Walking on Water. If you want to and are allowed to trick yourself, you will find the right one. Individual planning allows various boat rental in Berlin and the surrounding area. These include yacht charter Werder, AS boat rental and boat charter Keser.
Various suppliers operate hop-on-hop-off trips with double deck buses, often with folding roofs to be opened when the weather is nice. The routes hardly differ and affect the main tourist destinations. The clock frequency (usually 15 minutes) and the prices are very similar. Tickets range from 27 to 30 euros, and two-day tickets cost 50 euros. There are also a number of accommodation options with boat trips or museum visits.
A cheap alternative to commercial hop-on-hop-off trips is the BVG’s day ticket with over 7,000 hop-on-hop-off points in urban areas. This includes a sightseeing tour with the yellow double deck bus 100 and 200.
On S- Take the Zoo underground station or Alexanderplatz, pass the main sights and stop at any stop. For the line 100 an audio comment is available as an MP3 or iPhone app. The Berlin start-up "City Pirates" offers a free audio guide (German and English, Android and iOS) for the bus 100, while sightseeing attractions are automatically played on the smartphone via GPS.
- The Hertzallee station ・ If you want to take a seat at the top of the bus, you should start here (north of the Zoo station, under the bridge).
- regional, S- Zoologischer Garten subway station
- large-・ zoo-aquarium; Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church; Europe Center
- Lützowplatz ・ Bauhaus Archive
- North. Embassies/Adenauer Foundation ・ access to the Tiergarten
- Grand Stern Victory Column ・ Federal President
- Bellevue ・ Bellevue Castle - seat of the President
- Haus der Kulturen der Welt ・ Kongresshalle - Haus der Kulturen der Welt
- Place of the Republic ・ footpath to the Federal Chancellery
- Reichstag/Bundestag ・ Reichstag building; Paul-Löbe-Haus; Walk to Brandenburg Gate
- S + Brandenburger Tor subway station ・ footpath to Brandenburger Tor; Holocaust memorial Boulevard Unter den Linden
- Below the Linden/Friedrichstr. ・ State Library; Walk to Gendarmermarkt
- State Opera ・ State Opera; new watch; Walk to the Museumsinsel
- ・ Altes Museum (Museumsinsel); lawn; castle square (site of the former palace of the Republic and the planned city castle); Walk to the Berlin Cathedral and the GDR. Museum
- Spandauer St./Marienkirche ・ Marienkirche; footpath to the Hackescher Markt/Hackesche Höfe; Walk to Red City Hall
- regional, S- U-Bahn station Alexanderplatz ・ At the end station you have to get off at all times. On the other side of the road you will find the bus stop for the return ・ the footpath to the TV tower and the famous shopping center "Alexa".
Bus 200 has a different route. It also runs between Zoo and Alex but passes the Philharmonic and across Potsdamer Platz. So you can easily start at the Zoo or Alex with the 100 and return to the starting point at the other end with the 200. Bus 100 leaves every 5 minutes and every 10 minutes in the evening, bus 200 leaves every 10 minutes.
For individual Berlin sightseeing trips to the desired date from the start point at your choice for groups of all sizes in the comfortable coach, panorama minivan or in the minivan: Berlin City Tour
For small groups, but also as an individual tour, there are tours in the car, from (stretch-) limousine to minibus to Trabant on fixed or individually agreed routes. For shorter distances there are guided tours with everything that rolls - bike, scooter, Segway.
- Finding-Berlin-Tours offers alternative Berlin tours with restored classic bicycles. The tours are in English or German and represent the alternative culture of Berlin in particular.
- berlin trails tours - here you can find a selection of sightseeing tours in German, English and Spanish in the minibus for 4 persons or for large groups. The offer ranges from classic city tour to a "Made in DDR." East Berlin tour or day tours including bunker tour, beer tasting, food, to Potsdam, Sachsenhausen, etc.
- Berlin Cycling Tours, Reichstag 19, 10117 Berlin. The traditional Berlin Cycling Tours company offers guided bike tours in Berlin, special guided city tours in Berlin Mitte, Berlin Prenzlauer Berg and city tours in the beautiful state capital Potsdam. The city tours are offered for families, couples, students, companies, clubs, groups and school classes. Berlin Cycling Tours also rents various bicycles and E - bikes in Berlin and Potsdam. For the guided bike tours in Berlin and guided tours through Potsdam, a timely registration is required. Opened: Mon - So from 10:30 to 19:00 on request, appointment, registration required!.
There are many organizers in Berlin offering guided city tours. These can be public guided tours over and under the day, as well as group tours, guided tours, guided tours in individual districts, thematic tours (such as the wall, Jewish life, political Berlin, culinary tours or pub tours), as well as apps with which the visitor can walk alone. In addition to German-speaking tours, public tours are also offered in foreign languages, usually in English or Spanish. Many public tours are displayed in the city magazines or their online editions. The city information page also provides an overview with search function.
Among other things, suppliers
- City walks with Berlin Greetern Under the motto "Come as a guest, go as a friend" Berlin Greeter offers free city tours. Guests will discover the city from the point of view of the locals, far from the usual paths. Greeter is pleased to show guests authentic city with all corners and edges. Personal stories and experiences or nighttime and leisure tips are also discussed. The specific agreement between guest and Greeter takes into account the wishes of the guests and makes these walks a personal and individual encounter with the city. In order to maintain the individuality, the greets are only carried out in small groups up to a maximum of 6 persons. Berlin Greeter is a member of the International Greeter Association (formerly Global Greeter Network).
- Cherrytours Berlin - My city tour, middle street 30 (office, starting point of the tours deviates). Tel: +49 30 20620285, e-mail: [email protected]. public guided tours, private or in small groups for individualists. Price: from EUR 15. Accepted payment methods: cash, master, Visa, Amex.
- Berlin City Guides Sightseeing Tours offers individual Berlin city tours and guided walking tours, Christmas Berlin light trips and certified Berlin guidebooks. Tel. +30 797 456 00
- Sightseeing Point Berlin - offers public guided tours and cruises in Berlin and Potsdam for fixed dates, groups on agreement.
- City tours Berlin - hidden city tours and thematic tours. Open dates on the website
- Berlin Underworlds - Berlin from below, bunker from war and cold war, old tunnels
- Berlin on Bike - guided bike tours e.g. along the wall, dates see website
apps, audio guides
- city-im-ohr.de offers guided tours in Berlin with audio guides. You can explore the capital on your own with an audio tour. The tours are in German, English and Italian.
- In the footsteps of the 1936 Berlin Monopoly game: Moabit's main road and Huttenstrasse were the cheapest fields, Grunewald and Schwanenwerder were the devils. Between Schönhauser Allee, Köpenicker Straße, Oranien- und Friedrichstrasse. An original geocaching tour, about 70 km, which also gives an impression of how the city districts were valued at the time compared to the impression of today.
- Berlin Wall Trail Circle on the tracks of the Berlin Wall once, 160 km at a piece or in parts.
Berlin has several large city forests and lake chains that extend far into the surrounding area:
- Grunewald and Wannsee, Berlin's green southwest
- Grunewaldturm - Wannsee - Pfaueninsel ・ "Take bus 218 through the Grunewald" (See also article: havellakes).
- Lake Müggelsee, Dame and surroundings, Berlin's green southeast
- Köpenick - Grünau - Alt Schmöckwitz: ・ "Tram 68 through the green Köpenick" in the deep south-east of Berlin.
- Tegel, Heiligensee and Spandau-Hakenfelde, Berlin’s green northwest.
Berlin is home to several professional teams in the highest German leagues.
Hertha BSC Bundesliga soccer is available at the Berlin 23Olympic Stadium and at Union Berlin In addition, the Olympic Stadium hosts occasional national football matches and the annual soccer cup match for men and women. However, it is difficult to get cards for this.
However, sports fans can also enjoy the games of the basketball team Alba Berlin, in ice hockey the games of the polar bears Berlin, both of which play in the 25 Mercedes-Benz arena in Friedrichshain. In volleyball the games of BR Volleys and in handball the games of Fuchs Berlin take place in the 26Max-Schmeling-Halle in Prenzlauer Berg.
Well-known major sporting events are also:
- ISTAF - International Athletics Festival in September
- The Berlin Marathon - End of September
- Six - Day Race in February
Trabrennen is available in the 27 Trabrennbahn Mariendorf and the 28 Trabrennbahn Karlshorst, Galop races at 29 Galopprennbahn Hoppegarten, just outside the eastern outskirts of the city. Race days are mostly on weekends.
The indoor and outdoor pools are described in the respective local articles. In bad weather you can also visit one of the spectacular indoor pools in Berlin, some of them historic. The following outdoor pools and bathing areas are particularly recommended:
- 30 outdoor pool Tegeler See (Tegelsee Beach, Tegel Beach, Tegeler Lake Beach, best water quality in Berlin), Schwarzer Weg 21, 13505 Berlin-Tegel. Tel: +49(0)30-4341 078. Equipment: sandy beach, basket of beaches, slides, diving tower, snack bar, beach volleyball, children's playground, table tennis Price: EUR 5,50, reduced EUR 3,50.
- 31 Strandbad Plötzensee, Nordufer 26, 13351 Berlin-Wedding. Tel: +49(0)30-4502 0533, e-mail: [email protected]ötzensee.de. Equipment: sandy beach, lawn, children's playground, nudist beach and water slide, beach basket, ping-pong tables, pontoons, beach chairs, circus, beach volleyball, basketball, football pitch, restaurant, snack bar, barbecue Opened: 1 May - Sep. 9:00-19:00. Price: EUR 4,00, reduced EUR 2,50. facebook URL used
- 32 Wannsee, Wannseebadweg 25, 14129 Berlin-Nikolassee. Tel: +49(0)30-803 5450, e-mail: [email protected]. The largest lake in Europe. Equipment: 1 km sandy beach, nudist area, beach basket, deep-water slide, beach volleyball, football, park, waterfront promenade, boat rental, children's playground, snacks Price: EUR 5,50, reduced EUR 3,50. facebook URL used
- 33 Muggelsee beach. Lake Müggelsee beach on the north-eastern shore of the lake is a popular recreation area with textile and nudist areas.
In Berlin, shops can open 24 hours a day from Monday to Saturday. Two Advent Sundays and six other Sundays and public holidays are open from 13:00 to 20:00. A current list of the planned opening hours for many shops can be found on the pages of the city of Berlin. Many supermarkets/department stores are open until 22:00 or 24:00.
The decentralized construction of Berlin shows that almost every district has its own shopping street. Some are of national importance, others are local. The epidemic-like spread of shopping malls is partly pushing back the importance of the old shopping street. This is particularly evident in the former eastern part of the country, where shops could hardly develop during the GDR. period and the shopping malls took over immediately after the change. The main avenues are:
- Kurfürstendamm (about to Olivaer Platz) and Tauentzienstraße in Charlottenburg
- Friedrichstraße in the middle between Friedrichstrasse station and Mohrenstrasse
- Wilmersdorfer Strasse in Charlottenburg between Kantstrasse and Bismarckstrasse
- Schönhauser Allee in Prenzlauer Berg, between Eberswalder and Bornholmer Strasse
- Schlossstrasse in Steglitz between Walter-Schreiber-Platz and Rathaus Steglitz
The main department stores in Berlin are the department store of the West (KaDeWe) in Schöneberg, as a counterpart in the east the newly built French department store Galeries Lafayette (KaDeWe), the former centrum department store Galeria Kaufhof am Alexanderplatz in Mitte, Karstadt am Kurfürstendamm m, at Hermannplatz and in Steglitzer Schlossstraße.
- 3 department store of the West (KaDeWe), Tauentzienstraße 21-24, at Wittenbergplatz in Schöneberg. Tel: +49(0)30-21 210, e-mail: [email protected]. The department store of the West (KaDeWe) is a department store in Berlin with a high range of luxury goods opened on March 27, 1907. It is the most famous department store in Germany. In the course of its varied history, the department store of the West was rebuilt and rebuilt many times, the parent company changed six times and it was burned out in World War II. Today, the KaDeWe is the largest department store in continental Europe with 60,000 square meters of sales space. Since the late 1920s, a special attraction has been the delicatessen, the so-called "gourmet" floor. After an expansion, it has been the second largest food department in a department store worldwide since 1978. In West Berlin’s biggest temple of consumption, KaDeWe, on Wittenbergplatz, you can buy everyday goods as well as exquisite luxury goods. On the action surface at the Lichthof des KaDeWe the exhibited goods become an attraction and shopping an experience. The delicatessen and the restaurant on the upper two floors of the department store are particularly recommended. From here you can enjoy coffee and cake, champagne and salmon cuts, the beautiful view and the hustle and bustle of the Tauentzienstraße and Wittenbergplatz. Opened: Mon-Do 10-20, Fr 10-21, Sat 9:30-20. facebook URL used
- 4 Galeries Lafayette, Friedrichstraße 76-78, Friedrichstadt in the middle. Tel: +49(0)30-209 480, e-mail: [email protected]. The Galeries Lafayette Berlin department store is operated by the French department store Galeries Lafayette. The department store is one of the few branches of Galeries Lafayette outside mainland France - the others are located in Dubai, Casablanca and Jakarta. The building of the French architect Jean Nouvel is also called Quartier 207 and is considered one of the most important buildings of the 1990s in Berlin. Opened: Mo-Sa 10-20. facebook URL used
- 5 Galeria Kaufhof Berlin Alexanderplatz, Alexanderplatz 9, Berlin-Mitte. Tel: +49(0)30-247430. The former department store Centrum was given its present form by renovations planned by architect Josef Paul Kleihues from 2004 to 2006. The central staircase and the view from the top floor over Alexanderplatz are impressive. On 35,000 m², products from the medium-price segment are offered. At the far end of the ground floor is a well-equipped fine section. On the 5th floor there is a high self-service restaurant with large bay windows. Opened: Mon-Mi 9:30-20:00 Do-Sa 9:30-22:00. facebook URL used
- 6 Humana Secondhand & Vintage Kaufhaus, Frankfurter Tor 3, 10243 Berlin. Tel: +49 30 4222018. Europe's largest second-hand department store. There are clothes for women, men and children on five floors, as well as accessories. In the vintage section you will find well preserved original clothing from the 1950s to the 90s. Opened: Mon to Sat 10:00 - 20:00.
The large department stores are under increasing competitive pressure from large shopping centers which are emerging in many places. The most important of these are the Alexa on Alexanderplatz in the east and the East Side Gallery near the Warsaw Bridge and the Health Fountain Center in the north at the Berlin-health fountain underground, S and trunk station. The Mall of Berlin is located on Leipziger Platz in the center of Berlin. With 270 shops and 76,000 m², it is bigger than the KaDeWe with 61,000 m². Before World War II, Leipziger Platz was Germany's most beautiful department store. Today, the high houses of space construction are bored.
- 7 Alexa, Am Alexanderplatz, Grunerstraße 20, Berlin-Mitte. Tel: +49(0)30-269340121. The Alexa am Berlin Alexanderplatz is 56,200 m² in size and is one of the major shopping centers in Berlin. Opened: Mo-Sa 10-21. facebook URL used
- 8 The castle, Schlossstraße 34, Steglitz. Tel: +49(0)30-6669 120, e-mail: [email protected]. The castle boasts two sides of the town hall, Steglitz, whose covered courtyard has been integrated into the shopping center as a restaurant. It is home to 90 retail stores. Opened: Mon-Do 10-20, Fri-Sat 10-21. facebook URL used
Other shopping malls on Schlossstraße include: Boulevard Berlin, Forum Steglitz and Castle Street Center, as well as the Karstadt department stores and natural department store in the Galleria.
- 9 Potsdamer Platz Arkaden, Alte Potsdamer Straße 7, Berlin-Mitte. Tel: +49(0)30-2559270. Opened in 1998, the shopping center with 133 shops, restaurants and cafés is approximately 180 m with a sales area of 40,000 m². The arcades are easily accessible by bus, U+S and regional train. Opened: Opened: Mon-Sat 10 - 9 p.m. facebook URL used
- 10 Gropius passages, Johannisthaler Chaussee 295, Neukölln. Tel: +49(0)30-67066640, e-mail: [email protected]. Built in 1994, the Gropius Passage is the largest shopping center in the city and one of the largest shopping centers in Germany. There are over 140 shops, the department store Galeria Kaufhof, several restaurants and a multiplex cinema. It has direct access to Johannisthaler Chaussee underground station on the U7 line. Opened: Mon-Fri 10-20 Sat 10-22. facebook URL used
11 Fassbender & Rausch factory sale, Wolframstraße 95, 12105 Berlin (near Ullsteinstraße underground station). Factory sale of Fassbender & Rausch Manufacture with the Rausch range, as well as cheap chocolates, truffles and chocolate Opened: Mon-Fri 10-18, Sat 10-14.
12 Ulla Popken Storage, Oudenarder Straße 16, 13347 Berlin (near Nauenerplatz underground station). Store sale of oversize brand Ulla Popken Opened: Mon-Fri 09.30-19.00, Sat 09.30-16.00.
13 Leiser Outlet, Grenzallee 9, 12057 Berlin (near Köllnichnichische Heide S-Bahn station). Leading German shoe dealer with numerous brand shoes
14 Fashionart Outlet Berlin, Eberhard-Roters-Platz 4, 10965 Berlin. Exclusive women's mode: Dinner clothes, bridal clothes, business dresses, football dresses and cocktail dresses Opened: Fr 12-20, pp. 10-18.
15 Bahlsen factory sale, Oberlandstraße 52, 12099 Berlin. Sweet and salty bakery products from the Bahlsen product range Opened: Mon-Fri 9-18, Sat 9-13.
16 KPM factory sale (Royal Porzellan-Manufaktur Berlin), Wegelystraße 1, 10623 Berlin. Tel: +49(0)30-39009215. porcelain tableware and decorative articles, 2nd floor. Choice and residual item Opened: Mo-Sa 10-18.
During the Advent season there are many Christmas markets in the festively decorated capital. A small choice:
- 17 Christmas Magic Gendarmenmarkt, Gendarmenmarkt 1, Berlin-Mitte. Tel: +49(0)30-20912631, e-mail: [email protected]. One of the most beautiful and atmospheric Christmas markets in Berlin Opened: Nov. 23 - 31/12 from 11 a.m. to 10 p.m. Price: Entrance 1 € on weekends, children up to 12 years free.
- Christmas market on Alexanderplatz, special attraction: ice
- 18 Christmas market at the Red City Hall, Rathausstraße 15, 10178 Berlin-Mitte. Special attraction: 50 m high giant wheel with closed panoramic gondolas 24th 11th - 28. 12th 11-22.
- 19Spandauer Christmas Market in the Old Town, Carl-Schurz-Strasse, 13597 Berlin-Spandau. Special attraction: Friday concerts Open: 24.11.-23.12. So-Do 11-20, Fr 11-21, Sa 11-22. Price: Free entrance.
- 20 Christmas market at Potsdamer Platz, Alte Potsdamer Strasse 1, 10785 Berlin-Tiergarten. Special attractions: toboggan run, ice rink, curling Opened: 11/01/04 10 a.m. - 10 p.m. Price: Free entrance.
In Kreuzberg, Neukölln, Moabit and Wedding there are many shops with Turkish and Arabic specialties. There are a number of Russian shops in the eastern parts of Lichtenberg and Friedrichshain and the central Charlottenburg. In the eastern part of Lichtenberg there is a large Vietnamese outlet.
100 years ago, Prussian Berlin was known for its many breweries and beers, including the refreshing Berlin White, served in the then numerous beer gardens. After 1871, when numerous breweries were established, Berlin became the world's largest brewery with nearly 100 breweries, including as large as Berlin's Kindl brewery, Engelhardt brewery, Jostysche brewery, Patzenhofer brewery, Schultheiss brewery. The quality of the beer was very varied, and the public spoke of dividends. After the end of the GDR., a re-privatization wave in the early 1990s led to the closure of several brewery sites.
Besides the "Molle" (as the Berliners call it beer), the breweries also produced the "brew" (carbonated lemonade) as a soft drink, with the "Fassbrause" also containing herbal and malt extracts. The word "Molle" comes from the word "Mulde" in northern Germany. In addition to the "Molle", Berlin pubs and beer gardens still contain the term "a blonde" - meaning a Berlin white beer; "Pulle" for bottle and only in West Berlin the term "Futschi" for a wine brandy with cola.
In all Berlin districts there are plenty of cheap gastronomic offers in restaurants and snack-shops with local and international cuisine. The Boulette and also Grilletta are meat-fricadillas, along with barbecue chicken (in East Berlin: broilers) and ketwurst, which is produced in contrast to the hot dog with warm tomato potions. In East Berlin fast food stalls, it is still a popular product, despite American competition from "Burger King" and "Mc Donalds".
Berlin creations are for example "Berliner Luft" at dessert or also the "Hdoupoppel", a simple Berlin dish made of potatoes, bread residues, eggs and cream.
The famous curry sausage is also worth mentioning, as it was invented in Berlin. The invention of currywurst dates back to Herta Heuwer ( 1913 - 1999). According to her own figures, she offered her new creation for the first time on 4 September 1949 at her snack bar at the corner of Kant-/Kaiser-Friedrich-Strasse in Berlin-Charlottenburg, where a memorial board reminds her. Their creation consisted at the time of fried sausage (without bowels), combined with a sauce of tomato marrow, curry powder and Worcestershire sauce. For the best curry sausage, there are about as many secret tips as snack coves. Known throughout the region are Konnopke (Prenzlauer Berg) and Curry 36 Curry 36 (various locations). Further good addresses can be found here and here.
Döner Kebab is one of the most famous dishes in Turkish cuisine. It is uncertain when the first Döner snack opened in Germany, according to legend it was in Berlin at the Kottbusser dam in the early 1970s. According to other accounts, confirmed by the association of Turkish producers of döner, the kebab - then a barbecue in the flat bread only with onions - was invented by the Turkish immigrant Kadir Nurman, including his preparation on the rotating metal blade; his first Döner snack was at the Zoo station in the early 1970s.
A list of typical Berlin dishes is available on Wikipedia: Berlin cuisine.
Berlin offers a wide range of gastronomy, from simple dining venues to beer gardens, international cuisine (almost) of all nationalities, adventure gastronomy to star cuisine. As of March 2020, Berlin had 31 Michelin stars, spread over 18 single stars, 5 two stars and a three stars.
In Berlin, there are a number of exceptional restaurants, such as: dark restaurants; the guest touches and smells the dishes in complete darkness, restaurants in private apartments ("Underground-Supperclubs"), restaurants with unusual decoration such as laundry, interactive dinners ("crime menu"). In addition to this historical ambience, high up in div. Skybars, on a ship, the choice is wide.
It will come as no surprise that the density of restaurants is higher in the tourist areas such as Mitte, parts of Tiergarten or Charlottenburg, and in the trendy districts such as Prenzlauer Berg, Kreuzberg, parts of Friedrichshain or Schöneberg, where in the old building areas it is higher than elsewhere or in new construction areas.
Detailed recommendations on gastronomy can be found in the articles on the districts and districts as well as in the overview article Essen and Drinken in Berlin.
- Week-end, House of Travel, Alexanderplatz nr. 5, Berlin-Mitte. Electro
- 3 mountain
- Birthday Club, Am Friedrichshain 33, 10407 Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg.
- Bastard, Kastanienallee 7-9, 10435 Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg. (Electro)
- Frannz, Schönhauser Allee 36, Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg. fine club, electric and Indian.
- Sage-Club, Köpenicker Str. 76/ Corner Bridges 10179 Berlin-Mitte. Alternative, Metal
- Dunckerclub, Dunckerstr. 64, 10439 Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg. Alternative, Hardrock, Independent
- Watergate, Falck Stone 49a, 10997 Berlin. Electro
- Insel Berlin, Alt-Treptow 6, 12435 Berlin.
- Havana, Hauptstr. 30, 10827 Berlin.
- RAW, Revalerstrasse 99, Berlin-Friedrichshain, Altes Bahntergebiet. various alternative events.
- Yaam, at Ostbahnhof. Various alternative events with beach, concert hall, skateramp, graffiti, crucible of subcultures
- Zyankali Bar. Institute of Entertainment Chemistry. cocktail bar, mentality lab, cinema. International audience, English-speaking staff
- Ma Baker Club, Johannisstraße 2, 10117 Berlin. Party Club since 1992
- New Berlin Kneipentour - the alternative for those who do not want to set themselves up on a bar. With an experienced guide through five bars and then into a club!
- 2ndFace Club Berlin. known swinging club
- Insomnia. known swinger club
- Avarus Club. Nightclub with sauna, whirlpool, steam bath and many more
- Man Meier (electronic music), Storkower Strasse 121, 10407 Berlin.
Berlin offers accommodation in all price ranges. As Berlin is very large in terms of area, the choice is not only based on the price category and the demand for accommodation, but also on the district and the time of arrival. During the big public fairs such as Green Week or ITB or also on long weekends such as Pentecost (Cup finals) or around October 3, hotel rooms in Berlin will also become scarce and correspondingly expensive. Who can, should avoid these times. Then some surprisingly low prices are possible.
In addition to smaller hotels and guesthouses, which are almost everywhere, the centrally located ones are to be especially appreciated in the City West, in the City East or Berlin Mitte, between which the Potsdamer Platz square, which also belongs to the center of East Berlin - Kreuzberg, Prenzlauer Berg and Friedrichshain.
Particularly interesting are luxury hotels, which are cheap in Berlin due to the tough competition in international comparison. In the low-priced low-budget segment, hostels were long considered a trendsetter and a cheap alternative to hotels without the limitations of previous youth hostels. However, they are increasingly closing the gap with the hotel and increasingly compete with supra-regional hotel chains.
The 3-star area - the so-called middle class is seeking its place between these extremes and small family businesses are coming under increasing pressure.
From 1 January 2014, the City of Berlin will levy a 5% overnight tax on private travelers. The City Tax is payable directly in the accommodation
For a better overview, selected suppliers are sorted by district. See also the articles on the districts!
Although Berlin now has a solid selection of apartment hotels as well as hotels offering family rooms or linked rooms, families still stay in the most affordable apartment category. People with simple requirements can find sleeping rooms for 4 or 5 for under 20 euros per night. If you want a little more privacy, with separate bedrooms for children and parents, real beds for all (instead of just a sofa bed for the kids), and a washing and dishwasher, you will have to pay 100 euros per night.
Berlin has four well-known state universities: the Humboldt University, the Technical University of Berlin, the Free University and the much smaller University of the Arts. In addition, there are a number of state universities of applied sciences, such as Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin and Technische Hochschule Berlin. In addition, the University of Potsdam is also located in the area of public transport in Berlin.
Information from libraries
Berlin still has a dense network of Public Libraries, the collection of which can be researched through the network of Berlin’s Public Libraries. For the whole of Berlin, the Central and State Library with the locations of the Berlin City Library and the American Memorial Library is the right address. She also runs a "Center for Berlin Studies" for curious people in Berlin.
Scientific literature can be found in the libraries of the universities, the State Library of Prussian Cultural Property and in numerous important specialized libraries. The collections can already be researched from home via the Cooperative Library Network.
If the unemployment rate was 16.5% at the beginning (?), it was 11.2% in February 2015. It is still easy to find a job only for specialists, freelancers and in the low-wage sector. Due to the booming tourism and the still growing student neighborhoods, occasional jobs are easily found in the catering industry. Construction companies are experiencing a slight high, with many bankruptcies reducing the number of entrepreneurs. However, in most areas, permanent employment and high wages are a thing of the past.
Those looking for work from abroad often go to language schools, travel guides, private lessons or care for children.
With a European passport or for students from outside the EU who can work up to 90 days a year at any time, the necessary work permit is a formality. In order to obtain a work permit for persons without a European passport, the employer in question must go through a cumbersome way through various authorities, during which it must be demonstrated that there is no possibility of filling the job with similarly qualified German staff.
Within the growing English, Spanish and recently French municipalities, especially in the student districts and hostels, you can quickly get help and information.
The federal state of Berlin is celebrating its national holidays and the international Women's Day on March 8.
|Friday, January 1, 2021||new year||New Year|
|Monday, March 8, 2021||women's day||International Women's Day|
|Friday, April 2, 2021||Good Friday||highest Christian holiday, commemoration of the crucifixion of Christ|
|Sunday, April 4, 2021||Easter Sunday||Easter, commemoration of the resurrection of Christ|
|Monday, April 5, 2021||Easter Monday||Easter, commemoration of the resurrection of Christ|
|Saturday, May 1, 2021||day of May||International Labor Day|
|Thursday, May 13, 2021||Christi Himmelfahrt||40 days after Easter, commemoration of the heavenly journey of Christ|
|Sunday, May 23, 2021||Whitsunday||7 weeks after Easter, commemoration of the distribution of the Holy Spirit|
|Monday, May 24, 2021||Pentecost Monday||1 day after Pentecost Sunday, commemoration of the distribution of the Holy Spirit|
|Sunday, October 3, 2021||Day of German Unity||national holiday|
|Friday, December 25, 2020||1. Christmas||Christmas, remembrance of Christ|
|Saturday, December 26, 2020||2. Christmas||Christmas, remembrance of Christ|
No public holidays are Christmas Eve (December 24) and New Year's Eve (December 31). However, many establishments are closed all day long on these days and many shops and leisure facilities are closed from midday. On Christmas Eve, most of the restaurants are closed.
|Easter||Apr. 15-26, 04th||Apr 6-17, 04||03/29/10/04||Apr. 11-23, 04th|
|Ascension / |
|May 31 / |
|May 22||May 14||May 27 /|
There are no mobile holidays in Berlin. The long-term summer vacation dates can be read at the conference of culture ministers.
Berlin is generally a safe and tolerant city. As in all major cities, there are petty crime such as bicycle and pocket theft, trickery (hiding), but also drug offenses. Especially in the crowds of public transport and tourist centers one should pay attention to valuables, in restaurants pockets do not hang above the chair, purses and mobile phones do not leave open on the table.
In parts of Kreuzberg (Oranienplatz), Friedrichshain (Boxhagener Platz) and Prenzlauer Berg (Mauerpark) there are frequent riots during the night to and on May 1, which have lost dramatically in recent years. However, as a tourist you should not try to get between the fronts.
According to the Berlin police, the main crime centers are on Alexanderplatz (Mitte); at the Warsaw Bridge and in a small area of Rigaer Straße (Friedrichshain); in Görlitzer Park and at the Kottbusser Gate (Kreuzberg); in parts of Hermannstraße and at Hermannplatz (Neukölln).
- The emergency number in case of loss of checks, EC or credit cards is 116 116.
Berlin has numerous clinics of various sizes covering the entire city. In addition, there are university clinics of which the Charité is the most famous. In their central location, which can be reached quickly by taxi, for example, 1 emergency room of the Charité Philippstr. 10, between the Brandenburg Gate, the Reichstag and the main railway station, you will receive assistance 24 hours a day in case of emergency. Long waiting times are normal.
There is also a dense network of pharmacists with 24-hour emergency services. The pharmacy in the central station is open 24 hours a day. Specialists of all disciplines are available in the established area.
The numbers for some emergency services
- Medical emergency: 31 00 31
- a selection of emergency medical and dental services
- Dental emergency: 89 00 43 33
- toxic call: 19 24 0
- An emergency veterinary service is available online or via 11 88 0.
Berlin has one of the highest smoking percentages in the world. The smell of cigarettes is often present.
Berlin is a very extensive city, which can also test the best pedestrian. The public transport system is therefore very good and recommended.
In recent years, many signs and signposts have been put in place, mostly bilingual signposts, showing important sights, museums, churches, railway stations, parks and other tourist features. In spite of many prejudices, you will also find friendly Berliners and todgers who like to help when you ask for them. Many also speak English.
However, as in London, the locals react to blocked escalators. On the right is confessed, on the left a track remains free to overtake.
The Berliners talk in part with a Berlin dialect, however, which has far - reaching similarities to the Higher German. The Berlin dialect has some special features:
- Type: light wheat bread, shoemaker, rye bread
- Pancake: Viennese pastries with filling, partly known as "Berliner Ballen", "Berliner" or "Krapfen" outside of East German regions. The egg dish in the pan, similar to the French crêpe, is called the "egg cake" in Berlin. If you are looking for a bread and two Berliners in one of the smaller bakeries, which often also sell the morning newspapers, you will most likely receive one bread and two copies of the Berliner Zeitung.
- Molle: Name of "a small beer"
- Boulette: Beared minced loops, otherwise known as fricadelle.
- Futschi: Cola wine
- The quarterly periods are sometimes indicated as follows:
- quarter = 15:15 (first quarter of fourth hour after noon)
- half four = 15:30
- three quarters = 15:45
- four = 16:00
In Berlin, northern German terms such as "Saturday" instead of "Saturday" are common. This specificity of the expression of times and days affects not only Berlin, but essentially the whole of East Germany (and parts of South Germany in terms of time).
In addition, the city also had the usual differences in terms of individual terms in East and West Germany. For example, a garden house in the eastern part is called "Datsche", whereas the Westberliner calls it "Laube".
The city magazines contain information on current events and help you plan your cultural program.
- 030 Free in bars and cafés
- Berliner Zeitung, daily paper Mo-Sa
- Berliner Morgenpost, daily newspaper, with Sunday edition
- daily, liberal newspaper, with Sunday edition
- taz, left-alternative daily Mo-Sa
- BZ, Mon-Sa
- Berliner Kurier, Boulevard Zeitung Mo-Sa
- free-in-berlin.deInformation about events in Berlin, whose visit is free
Holy fairs in Catholic churches in Berlin:
- St. Hedwigs Cathedral, behind the Catholic Church 3 (center, near Unter den Linden, behind the German State Opera). So: 8:00, 10:00, 12:00, 18:00; Mon-Fri: 8:00, 18:00; Sa: 8:00, 19:00
- List of Catholic churches in the Archbishop's
As in the rest of Germany, German is the official language in Berlin. However, English is also spoken as a foreign language. In Berlin, Turkish-Turkish immigrants also speak Turkish. Particularly in Kreuzberg, you can cope as a Turkish or a Turkish person without a knowledge of German.
telephone and Internet
All over Berlin, with a few exceptions, you should get a stable connection to all mobile networks in some underground lines. Many shopping centers and hotels are housed in steel and glass structures, which is a problem with O2 from time to time.
In areas with many immigrants and therefore a high need for international conversations such as Kreuzberg, Neukölln, the north center and the health fountain, there are Internet café-style telephone shops that provide cheap telephone calls, as well as other services such as faxes and copying. Even though the post office has closed many branches, there should also be public telephones in the city center.
There are mailboxes everywhere. They are yellow boxes, usually placed on the street or hanging on the wall. They are emptied twice daily in the city center and usually have two throat slits - for Berlin/surroundings and non-Berlin. Postage stamps are available at the post office - often also from vending machines (without any residual charge) outside of opening hours and in hotels.
Berlin is the German leader in public wireless city networks. A variety of providers offer publicly available wireless hotspots that overlap to a nationwide network in the inner city. In addition to the telecommunications operators, these include the Berlin-Brandenburg Media Authority. The metro stations and the newer BVG buses are equipped with Wi-Fi of the provider Hotsplots ("BVG Wi-Fi"), which can also be used without registration. The Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg does not want to stand back and offers wireless internet in the vicinity of numerous churches and church institutions ("Godspot").
An overview map of the publicly available wireless hotspots is available here.
Excursions to J(g)rüne Berlin, see section: city excursions
- 7 Potsdam. Brandenburg's state capital is worth a trip of its own. However, it is easily reached from Berlin by S-Bahn or regional train. Highlights are the castle and the park Sanssouci, as well as the New Garden with the castle Cecilienhof. The city also has many sights, so a day's visit is not enough.
- 62 Sachsenhausen memorial. former concentration camp and excursions to the cities of Oranienburg, Bernau, Eberswalde, Königs Wusterhausen and Rheinsberg
- For shopping
21 Designer Outlet Berlin, Alter Spandauer Weg 1, 14641 Wustermark (actually outside Berlin, but still within the ring road at the exit Berlin-Spandau on the B5. The best way to get there is by car). Tel: +49(0)33234-9040, e-mail: [email protected]. The Designer Outlet Center, with a sales area of around 16,500 m², sells high-quality branded goods from previous year’s and sample collections as well as from overproductions of manufacturers and international designer labels. Opened: Mon-Do 10-19, Fri-Sat 10-20. facebook URL used
Some well-known regions of Brandenburg border the capital:
- Havelland in the west, with the Brandenburg capital Potsdam. The Havellakes in Berlin and Brandenburg are well known and popular as a recreational area.
- Ruppin country in the north
- Brandenburg's oozing in the Northeast
- The Oder-Spree-Lakes region in the southeast.
- Northeast of Berlin - Cycling tour of the Lottschesee through the Prenden Farmhouse
- By bike through the Stolper Heide - along the Oder-Havel Canal
- Cycling tour through Wansdorfer Unterheimer - From Falkensee to Hennigsdorf
- Cycling tour through the Heide Diedersdorfer - via Diedersdorf Castle and Mahlower Badesee
- The Mecklenburg Lake District and the island of Usedom ("bathtub Berlin") are ideal for day and weekend trips. The one hour drive to Neustrelitz, for example, takes place every hour during and outside the season. The approximately three-hour drive to Zinnowitz on Usedom takes place at least every two hours.
- Daily and weekend excursions with the Harz-Berlin-Express in the Harz mountains. The continuous trains connect Berlin with Halberstadt, Quedlinburg and Thale on Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays, as well as Wernigerode and Goslar. The journey takes about 3 hours. The schedule allows day trips. For a weekend tour you can go on Saturday and only return on Sunday evening. Price for adults: individual journey: 16 €, with return ticket only 27 €; Family card (return and return). Return ticket 2 u. children up to 14 years): €37 (data 01-2020). Tickets are only available on the train. ATTENTION: VBB tickets and DB tickets are not valid for travel between Berlin and Genthin.
See also tramps.
- current trampoline in Berlin's local database for trampers
- also the Hitchwiki has detailed description.
- westward/southwest (Magdeburg, Leipzig):
- Jet petrol station and traffic light at the Avus exit at the S-Bahn station Nikolassee, reachable by the lines S1 and S7.
- South/Southeast (Dresden, Cottbus):
- road Adlerstelle between Schöneweide and Adlershof S-Bahn stations
- North (Hamburg, Rostock)
- Motorway feeder at the S-Bahnhof Pankow-Heinersdorf, middle exit on the bridge, short downhill in the city direction McDonalds